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Trachurus murphyi Nichols, 1920

Chilean jack mackerel
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Trachurus murphyi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Trachurus murphyi
Picture by Béarez, P.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Nichols.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 306 m (Ref. 58489), usually 10 - 70 m.   熱帶; 2°N - 51°S, 106°E - 79°W (Ref. 54929)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

South Pacific and Southwestern Atlantic: Eastern Central and South Pacific: off Peru and Chile (Ref. 27363), incl. incidental in Juan Fernández Is. (Ref. 89357). Reported from off Ecuador (Ref. 9283). Southwest Pacific: off New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Southwestern Atlantic: off southern Argentina (Ref. 27363)
東南太平洋: 外海的祕魯與智利.(參考文獻 27363) 記錄來自厄瓜多了。 (參考文獻 9283) 西南太平洋: 紐西蘭.(參考文獻 5755) 西南大西洋: 阿根廷南部(參考文獻 27363, p。 209)。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 39 - 42 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9283); common length : 45.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9283); 最大年龄: 16 年 (Ref. 26956)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 31-35; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 27 - 29. Body elongated and little compressed; teeth small and uniseriate; lower branch of first gill arch with 42 to 45 gill rakers; edge of shoulders girdle (cleithrum) with a small furrow at its upper end but lacking papillae; lateral line completely scaled, the scales becoming large scutes posteriorly; scutes in the area of the median curve 1.1 to 1.6 times the diameter of the eye; nape and back metallic blue or dark gray; flanks and belly pale; dorsal edge of operculum with a black stain (Ref. 55763). Body elongate and slightly compressed. Body dark blue dorsally, silvery-white ventrally. Black spot on upper posterior margin of opercle. Fins dusky (Ref. 37339). Pectoral fin falcate and very long (Ref. 27363).
身体延长与小的扁长形的; 齿小的与 uniseriate; 低分支第一个鳃弓有 42 到 45个鳃耙; 肩肢带骨 (匙骨) 的边缘在它的上端具有一个小的沟但是缺乏乳突; 侧线鳞片覆盖完整, 鳞片在后部地变成大的鳞甲; 在中央弯曲的区域中的鳞甲 1.1 到 1.6 倍于眼的直径; 后颈与背面铁蓝色或深灰色; 侧面与腹面灰白的; 背缘鳃盖有一个黑色的污染.(参考文献 55763) 细长的身体与些微扁长形。 身体深蓝色背面, 腹面银白色的。 在鳃盖的上面后缘上的黑色的斑点。 鳍暗色的.(参考文献 37339) 胸鰭鐮刀狀與非常長的.(參考文獻 27363)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in the shore and open oceanic waters, in schools. They feed mainly on fish larvae and small crustaceans. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9283). Utilized canned for human consumption and also made into fishmeal (Ref. 9988). The species is often found in Juan Fernández Is. as an incidental catch of Pseudocaranx chilensis (Guichenot, 1848) fisheries (Ref. 89357).

发现于海岸与开放的大洋性水域了。 形成鱼群。 主要吃仔鱼与小型甲壳动物。 在市场上销售生鲜地了。 (参考文献 9283) 利用了罐装供人类消费以及制成了鱼粉。 (参考文献 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東南太平洋: 外海的祕魯與智利.(參考文獻 27363) 記錄來自厄瓜多了。 (參考文獻 9283) 西南太平洋: 紐西蘭.(參考文獻 5755) 西南大西洋: 阿根廷南部(參考文獻 27363, p。 209)。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 30 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | OsteoBase(skull, spine) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 22.6, mean 16.5 (based on 352 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00783 - 0.01932), b=2.92 (2.78 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.09-0.11; tmax=16).
Prior r = 0.52, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.77, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.