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Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867)

Convict cichlid
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  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Male picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Female picture by DATZ
  • Image of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Convict cichlid)
    Amatitlania nigrofasciata
    Juvenile picture by Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 麗魚科 (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Amatitlania: Named for the type locality of the type species; 'Amatitlán' means 'a place abundant in amate' in Nahuatl, 'amate' is a kind of rustic paper made from the bark of Ficus petiolaris or Ficus indica..  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20.   熱帶; 20°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880); 15°N - 8°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Central America: Pacific slope, from Río Sucio, El Salvador to Río Suchiate, Guatemala; Atlantic slope, from Río Patuca, Honduras to Río Jutiapa, Guatemala. Not in slope to Panama, Costa Rica or even Nicaragua, as formerly considered. Introduced elsewhere.
中美洲: 太平洋斜坡, 從瓜地馬拉到哥斯大黎加 (Tarcoles 河); 來自宏都拉斯 (Aguan 河) 到巴拿馬 (Guarumo 河) 的大西洋斜坡.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 36377); common length : 8.5 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 17 - 19; 背的软条 (总数): 7-9; 臀棘 8-10; 臀鳍软条: 6 - 7; 脊椎骨: 27 - 28. This species is distinguished by the following characters: two (vs. one) distal rows of interradial scales on anal fin; arms in the first epibranchial bone are parallel (vs. divergent); posterior end of dentigerous arm of dentary rounded or squarish (vs. triple-spined or bluntly pointed); peritoneal coloration is uniformly dark (vs. not uniformly dark); rostrad directed pronounced convexity on the ventral process of the articular absent (vs. present); body less deep than as compared with its congeners kanna and siquia; 4th bar not Y-shaped (Ref. 74403).
蓝灰色的身体有 8 或 9个深色条纹; 一个黑色斑块通常位于鳃盖之上; 横带完全地不存在于白色的形式。 (参考文献 44091)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit flowing water from small creeks and streams to the shallows of large and fast flowing rivers (Ref. 7335). Prefer rocky habitats and finds sanctuary in the various cracks and crevices provided by this type of environment (Ref. 7335), or among roots and debris (Ref. 44091). They occur in warm pools of springs and their effluents (Ref. 7020). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects, fish and plant matter (Refs. 7020; 44091). Also used in behavioral studies (Ref. 4537). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091). A popular aquarium fish which requires high temperature to maintain itself in an environment, e.g. artificially heated waters of power stations. Aquarium keeping: in pairs; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).

栖息于来自小溪与溪流到的流动的水大与快速流动的河的浅滩。 (参考文献 7335) 在各种不同的裂缝与由这类型的环境 (参考文献 7335) 提供的裂隙中偏爱岩石的栖息地与发现庇护所, 或在根与残砾之中.(参考文献 44091) 出现于泉水与其溢流的温暖水池。 吃蠕虫,甲壳动物,昆虫,鱼与植物 (参考文献。 7020; 44091)。 也被用于行为的研究。 (参考文献 4537) 需要高的温度在环境维持它本身的一个受欢迎的水族馆鱼, 举例来说人工地加热了发电所的水域。 水族馆保持: 成对; 水族館最小體型 80 公分.(參考文獻 51539)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Lays eggs on cleaned surfaces of rocks. Parents incubate eggs and guard young. Tends and fans the embryos and free embryos and transfers them several times into new pits excavated in the bottom using its mouth (huddling) (Ref. 34155). Dark cavities are preferred as nests to conceal the brood and make them less conspicuous to visual predators (Ref. 38966). When in caves, single entrances are favored to reduce the probability of intrusion and are probably more manageable for the females in terms of defending their brood (Ref. 38966). Approximately 100-150 eggs are deposited and are vigorously guarded and cared for by both male and female (Ref. 44091).中美洲: 太平洋斜坡, 從瓜地馬拉到哥斯大黎加 (Tarcoles 河); 來自宏都拉斯 (Aguan 河) 到巴拿馬 (Guarumo 河) 的大西洋斜坡.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2007. A systematic revision of the genus Archocentrus (Perciformes: Cichlidae), with the description of two new genera and six new species. Zootaxa 1603:1-78. (Ref. 74403)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  潜能有害之物 (Ref. 44091)





人类利用

渔业: 没有兴趣; 水族馆: 高经济性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (tm<1 and multiple spawning events per year; Fec=100-150).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .