Pollachius pollachius, Pollack : fisheries, gamefish

You can sponsor this page

Pollachius pollachius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pollack
Voeg je waarneming toe in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pollachius pollachius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Pictures | Videos |     Google afbeelding
Image of Pollachius pollachius (Pollack)
Pollachius pollachius
Picture by Ueberschär, B.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Pollachius: Scottish dialect, podlock, paddle = bumpfish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 40 - 200 m (Ref. 6302), usually 40 - 100 m (Ref. 54707).   Temperate; 72°N - 36°N, 25°W - 28°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Iceland, the Faeroes and Norway to the Bay of Biscay (Ref. 1371); also southern Baltic Sea (Ref. 89342) with records from Poland, Latvia and Estonia (Refs. 36252, 52079).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 41.0, range 42 - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); common length : 75.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 18.1 kg (Ref. 40637); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 8 jaren (Ref. 1371)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 29-33; Anale zachte stralen: 27 - 30; Wervels: 52 - 55. Lower jaw distinctly projecting beyond upper ones. Lacks a chin barbel. Dark lateral line that sharply curves over the pectoral fin and continues over whole body. No dark spot at pectoral fin base. Dorsal and anal fin interspaces short. Sensory canals with large pores on head. Body color is variable; dark dorsally, sharply distinguished from silver-gray sides and belly; the upper part of the body with yellow to orange streaks or blotches; the lateral line greenish. The fins uniformly dark except for the pelvic fins which are yellowish.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found in inshore waters but also down to 200 m depth, in areas with hard bottoms. Juveniles are pelagic, spending 2-3 years near the coast including rocky areas, kelp beds, sandy shores and estuaries (Ref. 1371, 58137, 89343, 89362). Juveniles may form schools with saithe (Pollachius virens) (Ref. 88187), and have also been found solitary and defending their feeding territory (Refs. 42174, 89363). Larger individuals move to the open sea and are often found around rocky areas at 40-100 m depth (Ref. 1371). Also observed around shipwrecks and oil platforms (Ref. 88187). Adults occur singly or in small dispersed shoals but is known to form dense shoals on spawning grounds (Ref. 89364). Suggested to undertake spawning migrations (Ref. 88171). Caught as bycatch in cod and saithe fisheries. Flesh is dry but of good flavor (Ref. 35388). Classified as a "hearing generalist" (89365); has also been found to produce sound. Juveniles have been reported to make repeated short grunts during competitive feeding and aggressive encounters (89366).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous and gonochorous (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 October 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO(Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystems
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
voedselhoeveelheid
Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 11.9, mean 8.9 (based on 283 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00614 - 0.00855), b=3.07 (3.02 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.19; tmax=8).
Prior r = 0.63, 95% CL = 0.42 - 0.95, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.