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Lepomis gibbosus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Lepomis gibbosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed)
Lepomis gibbosus
Picture by Kohout, J.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  gibbosus: gibbosus from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref. 1998).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; stvatten; brackvatten bentopelagisk; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 50°N - 30°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5723); common length : 9.9 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 12193); publicerad maxvikt: 630.00 g (Ref. 4699); rapporterad maxålder: 12 år (Ref. 72493)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10 - 12; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10-12; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 11; Ryggkotor: 28 - 30

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref. 1998). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref. 59043). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref. 1672).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00945 - 0.01529), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.