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Lepomis gibbosus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lepomis gibbosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed)
Lepomis gibbosus
Picture by Kohout, J.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  gibbosus: gibbosus from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref. 1998).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).   溫帶; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 50°N - 30°N

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
北美洲: 到在美國的南卡羅萊那州的加拿大的新布蘭斯維克。 廣泛地引入。 引入後的一些國家報告不利的生態衝擊。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 9.9 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大体重: 630.00 g (Ref. 4699); 最大年龄: 12 年 (Ref. 72493)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 10 - 12; 背的软条 (总数): 10-12; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 11; 脊椎骨: 28 - 30

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).

出现于安静与小溪与小河的长满植物的湖泊,池塘与水池。 主要吃蠕虫,甲壳动物与昆虫 (参考文献 7020) 也但是可能吃小鱼与其他的脊椎动物 (参考文献 1998), 以及鱼卵.(参考文献 2058) 被认为是不受欢迎的捕捉。 (参考文献 30578)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref. 1998). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref. 59043). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref. 1672).北美洲: 到在美國的南卡羅萊那州的加拿大的新布蘭斯維克。 廣泛地引入。 引入後的一些國家報告不利的生態衝擊。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  可能有害的




人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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参考文献
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Mass conversion
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脑重体重比
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00924 - 0.01494), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.