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Lepomis gibbosus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lepomis gibbosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed)
Lepomis gibbosus
Picture by Kohout, J.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  gibbosus: gibbosus from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref. 1998).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; süßwasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodrom (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 50°N - 30°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5723); common length : 9.9 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193); max. veröff. Gewicht: 630.00 g (Ref. 4699); max. veröff. Alter: 12 Jahre (Ref. 72493)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 10 - 12; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10-12; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8 - 11; Wirbelzahl: 28 - 30

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref. 1998). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref. 59043). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref. 1672).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Potential pest




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kleinfischerei; Sportfisch: ja; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00945 - 0.01529), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.