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Lepomis gibbosus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lepomis gibbosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepomis gibbosus (Pumpkinseed)
Lepomis gibbosus
Picture by Kohout, J.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  gibbosus: gibbosus from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref. 1998).

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; eau douce; saumâtre benthopélagique; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodrome (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 50°N - 30°N

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5723); common length : 9.9 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 12193); poids max. publié: 630.00 g (Ref. 4699); âge max. reporté: 12 années (Ref. 72493)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 10 - 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-12; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 11; Vertèbres: 28 - 30

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref. 1998). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref. 59043). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref. 1672).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Potential pest




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00945 - 0.01529), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.