Hypostomus plecostomus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Suckermouth catfish
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Image of Hypostomus plecostomus (Suckermouth catfish)
Hypostomus plecostomus
Picture by Galvis, G./Mojica, J.I./Camargo, M.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; air tawar dasar (demersal); pH range: 6.2 - 8.2; dH range: ? - 28.   Tropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 12°N - 25°S, 60°W - 51°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

South America: Guianan coastal drainages. Have been introduced to several Asian countries for the aquarium trade (Ref. 2060).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 26543); common length : 28.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 1; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 7; Duri dubur 1; Sirip dubur lunak: 3 - 5. Body short and robust; caudal peduncle not depressed. Upper parts of head and body encased in longitudinal rows of scutes; lower surface of head and abdomen naked.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Feeds on algae and small crustaceans. Is cultured in ponds in Singapore and Hong Kong for the aquarium trade, where it is very popular (Ref. 2060).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Deposits eggs on smooth rocks. Eggs are guarded by one or both parents. May deposit eggs in depressions (Ref. 2060).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | mitra

Burgess, W.E., 1989. An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p. (Ref. 6868)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: perikanan swasembada; Akuarium: Bernilai komersial tinggi
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00663 - 0.03457), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Assuming tmax>3; Fec = 3,000).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.