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Ameiurus nebulosus  (Lesueur, 1819)

Brown bullhead
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ameiurus nebulosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ameiurus nebulosus (Brown bullhead)
Ameiurus nebulosus
Picture by Zienert, S.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ictaluridae (North American freshwater catfishes)
Etymology: Ameiurus: Greek, a = without + Greek, meiouros, -os, -on = without tail (Ref. 45335);  nebulosus: nebulosus meaning clouded, in relation to mottled and grey coloring (Ref. 1998).

Omgeving / Klimaat / Range Ecologie

; zoetwater; brakwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding ? - 40 m (Ref. 1998).   Temperate; 0°C - 37°C (Ref. 35682); 54°N - 25°N

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in Canada to Mobile Bay in Alabama in USA, and St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from Quebec west to Saskatchewan in Canada and south to Louisiana, USA. Introduced into several countries. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Asia: Iran and Turkey (Ref. 39702).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 9 jaren (Ref. 59043)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 1; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 6-7; Anale stekels 1. Caudal fin with 18-19 rays.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in pools and sluggish runs over soft substrates in creeks and small to large rivers. Also found in impoundments, lakes, and ponds. Rarely enters brackish waters (Ref. 1998). A nocturnal feeder that feeds mollusks, insects, leeches, crayfish and plankton, worms, algae, plant material, fishes and has been reported to feed on eggs of least cisco, herring and lake trout (Ref. 1998). Juveniles (3-6 cm) feed mostly on chironomid larvae, cladocerans, ostracods, amphipods, bugs and mayflies (Ref. 1998). Can tolerate high carbon dioxide and low oxygen concentrations and temperatures up to 31.6 °C although experiments show upper lethal temp. to be 37.5 °C; resistant to domestic and industrial pollution (Ref. 1998). Has been observed to bury itself in mud to escape adverse environmental conditions (Ref. 1998). Prepared hot-smoked and also cooked in various ways (Ref. 1998).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Nests are built by one or both sexes. After a period of caressing each other with their barbels, male and female settle over the nest, face opposite directions (while maintaining body contact) and spawn. Although eggs are cared for by one or both parents, there have been reports of parents eating their own eggs. Caring entails fanning by the paired fins, moving and stirring by the barbels, and may be picked up and ejected from the mouth; this ensures hatching.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Potential pest




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Meer informatie

Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
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Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
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Mass conversion
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00573 - 0.01519), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.47; tm=3; tmax=8).
Prior r = 1.01, 2 SD range = 0.75 - 1.36, log(r) = 0.01, SD log(r) = 0.15, Based on: 1 K, 2 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.