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Kajikia albida  (Poey, 1860)

Atlantic white marlin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Kajikia albida   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Kajikia albida (Atlantic white marlin)
Kajikia albida
Picture by Chow, S.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Istiophoridae (Billfishes)

Ambiente / Clima / Intervalo Ecologia

; marinhas; oceanódromos (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 150 m (Ref. 43), usually 0 - 100 m (Ref. 55219).   Subtropical; 22°C - ? (Ref. 12451); 47°N - 39°S, 99°W - 20°E (Ref. 55219)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: roughly from 45°N to 45°S in the southwestern Atlantic and 35°S in the southeastern Atlantic. Records from the Mediterranean Sea, and from Bretagne, France seem to correspond to a few straying individuals. Classified as 'reduced' (Ref. 12451). It is unclear whether there are two separate stocks or a single population in the Atlantic. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 164.0, range 130 - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4770); common length : 210 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5217); Peso máx. publicado: 82.5 kg (Ref. 43)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais (total): 43-52; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 17 - 23. Blue-black above, silvery white and splattered with brown on the sides, silvery white below; sometimes with more than 15 rows of obscure whitish stripes; 1st dorsal fin dark blue with black dots; 2nd dorsal fin dark blue; pectorals blackish brown, with tinges of silvery white in some specimens; pelvic fins blue-black with a black fin membrane; caudal fin blackish brown.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Usually above the thermocline. Its distribution varies seasonally, reaching higher latitudes in both the northern and southern hemispheres only during the respective warm seasons. Usually found in deep (over 100 m) blue water with surface temperatures over 22°C and salinities of 35 to 37 ppt. Currents of 0.5 to 2 knots occur over much of its habitat. Feeds on fishes and squids. Females grow larger (Ref. 4770). Flesh is of excellent quality. Marketed fresh and frozen.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Migrates into subtropical waters to spawn, with peak spawning occurring in early summer. The spawning areas are found in deep and blue oceanic waters, generally at high temperatures ranging from 20° to 29°C except in the southern Atlantic gyrals, and high surface salinities (over 35 ppt).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Nakamura, I., 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 43)

Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Harmless




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
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Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
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Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
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Genética
Frequência alélica
Hereditariedade
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Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7505   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.58; assuming tm >=2).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.