This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Bigeye trevally
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos     谷歌图片
Image of Caranx sexfasciatus (Bigeye trevally)
Caranx sexfasciatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 非产卵性溯降河的; 深度上下限 0 - 146 m (Ref. 57178).   熱帶; 26°C - 29°C; 32°N - 36°S, 25°E - 77°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9283).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到夏威夷, 北至日本南部與小笠原群島, 南至澳洲與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 墨西哥南下加利福尼亞與加州灣到厄瓜多的西南方海岸與加拉巴哥群島.(參考文獻 9283)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 42.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9987); common length : 60.0 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3287); 最大体重: 18.0 kg (Ref. 9987)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 19-22; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 17; 脊椎骨: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal profile moderately convex anteriorly; adipose eyelid well developed, moderate anteriorly, posterior eyelid extends onto eye to rear border of pupil; gill rakers (including rudiments) 6-8 + 15-19 = 21-25; straight part of lateral line with 0-3 anterior scales followed by 27-36 strong, dark scutes; breast completely scaly; vertebrae 10+15; upper jaw with outer row of strong canines widely spaced in adults, and an inner band of small villiform teeth, widest at symphysis; on lower limb of first gill arch jaw with a single row of strong conical teeth widely spaced in adults. Colour in life with adults' head and body silvery olive to iridescent blue-green above, silvery olive to whitish below; small blackish spot, much smaller than pupil diameter, at upper angle of opercle (this spot evident on specimens of about 14 cm fork length); second dorsal fin olive to blackish, the lobe with a white tip (white tip becomes more obvious with increasing size) (Ref. 9894).


体色蓝色虹彩的-绿色背面, 下面银白色的; 软的背部叶与臀鳍有尖端白色的叶; 尾部的淡黄色的到黑色的。 胸鳍镰刀状的; 臀鳍有 2根分离的棘。 上缘鳃盖有一个小的黑色斑点。 27-36个强又深色的鳞甲。 胸部完全覆盖着鳞片。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit coastal and oceanic waters associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Pelagic at 1-96 m (Ref. 58302). Often seen in large daytime schools; solitary at night when feeding (Ref. 90102). Adults are found in coral reefs and are mostly active at night or during twilight periods. During the day they are usually seen milling in stationary aggregations (Ref. 44894); form slow-moving schools in the passes or outside the reef, dispersing at night feed (Ref. 4795). Juveniles may be encountered in estuaries (Ref. 9283, 44894), occasionally entering rivers and penetrating well inland (Ref. 2847, 44894). Feed mainly on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 9283, Ref. 90102). Caught mainly on hook-and-line; also with gill nets, purse seines, and other artisanal gear (Ref. 9894). Marketed fresh, dried or salted (Ref. 9283) and frozen (Ref. 9987). Consumed broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

栖息于海岸的与大洋性水域伴随着礁了.(参考文献 9283) 偶然地进入河。 (参考文献 9283) 成鱼被发现于珊瑚礁而且大部份活跃在晚上或在微明的期间。 他们通常在静止的群集中被见到磨在白天期间。 (参考文献 44894) 稚鱼在河口 (参考文献 9283,44894) 可能见到, 偶然地进入河而且相当深入内陆.(参考文献 2847,44894) 在岩礁通道或岩礁外中形成移动缓慢的鱼群在白天期间, 分散在晚上吃。 (参考文献 4795) 主要吃鱼与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 9283) 在市场上銷售生鮮地了, 乾燥或鹽醃 (參考文獻 9283) 與冷凍的.(參考文獻 9987) 消費火烤了而且燒烤了.(參考文獻 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到夏威夷, 北至日本南部與小笠原群島, 南至澳洲與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 墨西哥南下加利福尼亞與加州灣到厄瓜多的西南方海岸與加拉巴哥群島.(參考文獻 9283)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.3 - 28.9, mean 27.3 (based on 2054 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01477 - 0.02242), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.24).
Prior r = 0.46, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.62, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.