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Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Bigeye trevally
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Caranx sexfasciatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina associadas(os) a recifes; anfídromo; intervalo de profundidade 0 - 146 m (Ref. 57178).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C; 32°N - 36°S, 25°E - 77°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9283).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 42.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9987); common length : 60.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3287); peso máx. Publicado: 18.0 kg (Ref. 9987)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 9; Raios dorsais moles (total): 19-22; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais moles: 14 - 17; Vértebras: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal profile moderately convex anteriorly; adipose eyelid well developed, moderate anteriorly, posterior eyelid extends onto eye to rear border of pupil; gill rakers (including rudiments) 6-8 + 15-19 = 21-25; straight part of lateral line with 0-3 anterior scales followed by 27-36 strong, dark scutes; breast completely scaly; vertebrae 10+15; upper jaw with outer row of strong canines widely spaced in adults, and an inner band of small villiform teeth, widest at symphysis; on lower limb of first gill arch jaw with a single row of strong conical teeth widely spaced in adults. Colour in life with adults' head and body silvery olive to iridescent blue-green above, silvery olive to whitish below; small blackish spot, much smaller than pupil diameter, at upper angle of opercle (this spot evident on specimens of about 14 cm fork length); second dorsal fin olive to blackish, the lobe with a white tip (white tip becomes more obvious with increasing size) (Ref. 9894).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit coastal and oceanic waters associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Pelagic at 1-96 m (Ref. 58302). Often seen in large daytime schools; solitary at night when feeding (Ref. 90102). Adults are found in coral reefs and are mostly active at night or during twilight periods. During the day they are usually seen milling in stationary aggregations (Ref. 44894); form slow-moving schools in the passes or outside the reef, dispersing at night feed (Ref. 4795). Juveniles may be encountered in estuaries (Ref. 9283, 44894), occasionally entering rivers and penetrating well inland (Ref. 2847, 44894). Feed mainly on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 9283, Ref. 90102). Caught mainly on hook-and-line; also with gill nets, purse seines, and other artisanal gear (Ref. 9894). Marketed fresh, dried or salted (Ref. 9283) and frozen (Ref. 9987). Consumed broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Colaboradores

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; peixe desportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produção; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação para desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotografias
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Outras referências
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.3 - 28.9, mean 27.3 (based on 2054 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01477 - 0.02242), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.24).
Prior r = 0.46, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.62, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.