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Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766)

Forkbeard
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Phycis phycis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Phycis phycis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 底中水层性; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371).   亞熱帶的; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.
東北大西洋 : 比斯開灣到摩洛哥, 南至維德角, 而且包括外海-橫臥的島。 也在地中海與亞速群島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12382); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1371); 最大体重: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.
延长的腹鳍鳍条顶多达到臀鳍起点。 体色是红褐色的背面, 腹侧变成灰白。 垂直的鳍末梢部黑, 有时有灰白的边缘。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).

栖息于了坚硬的与在 100-650 公尺的岩石附近的沙泥底, 但是有时采自了较大的深度.(参考文献 1371) 夜行的, 藏在白天期间在岩石之间.(参考文献 1371) 吃小鱼与各种不同的无脊椎动物。 (参考文献 1371)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東北大西洋 : 比斯開灣到摩洛哥, 南至維德角, 而且包括外海-橫臥的島。 也在地中海與亞速群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
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生态毒物学
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成熟度
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产卵群集
孕卵数

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养殖信息
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Otoliths
脑重体重比
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.3 - 16.2, mean 14.9 (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00539 - 0.00811), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.19).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.