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Chelon auratus  (Risso, 1810)

Golden grey mullet
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Chelon auratus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 降海洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - ? m (Ref. 7399).   溫帶; 64°N - 20°N, 26°W - 42°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania (Ref. 3573). Records from the lagoon of Accra are probably misidentifications.
東大西洋: 到維德角的蘇格蘭; 在地中海與黑海。 也在來自南方的挪威到摩洛哥的沿岸水域中, 稀有的茅利塔尼亞外海到.(參考文獻 3573) 阿克拉的記錄從潟湖是可能是誤鑑。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2058); common length : 30.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7399)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 5; 背的软条 (总数): 7-9; 臀棘 3. Longer pectoral fins, lack of black spot at the pectoral fin base. Golden spot present in gill cover (Ref. 35388).
较长的胸鳍, 在胸鳍基底没有黑色的斑点。 金的斑点出现在鳃盖。 (参考文献 35388)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are neritic usually in schools, entering lagoons and lower estuaries (Ref. 7399); rarely entering freshwater (Ref. 3573, 59043). Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043). They feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton (Ref. 2804). Juveniles feed only on zooplankton (Ref. 59043). Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Minimum size allowed for fishing is 20 cm. The quality of the flesh is variable (Ref. 30578).

浅海的, 进入泻湖与下游河口.(参考文献 7399) 很少进入淡水。 (参考文献 3573) 吃小型底栖的生物,碎屑, 与偶然地在昆虫与浮游生物上.(参考文献 2804) 繁殖发生于海洋, 从七月到十一月。 最小量大小考虑到钓鱼是 20 公分了。 肉的品质是可变的。 (参考文献 30578)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043).東大西洋: 到維德角的蘇格蘭; 在地中海與黑海。 也在來自南方的挪威到摩洛哥的沿岸水域中, 稀有的茅利塔尼亞外海到.(參考文獻 3573) 阿克拉的記錄從潟湖是可能是誤鑑。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Harrison, Ian | 合作者

Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3573)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的




人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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参考文献
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养殖信息
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遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.7, mean 11.9 (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00755 - 0.01208), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.14-0.34; tm=3-4; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.6, 2 SD range = 0.36 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.51, SD log(r) = 0.25, Based on: 1 M, 30 K, 2 tgen, 3 tmax, 2 Fec records
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.