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Chelon auratus  (Risso, 1810)

Golden grey mullet
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Image of Chelon auratus (Golden grey mullet)
Chelon auratus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina; catádromos (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - ? m (Ref. 7399).   Temperate; 64°N - 20°N, 26°W - 42°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania (Ref. 3573). Records from the lagoon of Accra are probably misidentifications.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 2058); common length : 30.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 7399)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 5; Raios dorsais (total): 7-9; Espinhos anais 3. Longer pectoral fins, lack of black spot at the pectoral fin base. Golden spot present in gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Adults are neritic usually in schools, entering lagoons and lower estuaries (Ref. 7399); rarely entering freshwater (Ref. 3573, 59043). Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043). They feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton (Ref. 2804). Juveniles feed only on zooplankton (Ref. 59043). Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Minimum size allowed for fishing is 20 cm. The quality of the flesh is variable (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Harrison, Ian | Colaboradores

Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3573)

Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Harmless




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais
FAO(pescarias: produção; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência alélica
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotos
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Otólitos
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Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.7, mean 11.9 (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00755 - 0.01208), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.14-0.34; tm=3-4; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.6, 2 SD range = 0.36 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.51, SD log(r) = 0.25, Based on: 1 M, 30 K, 2 tgen, 3 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Medium.