Chelon auratus  (Risso, 1810)

Golden grey mullet
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Chelon auratus
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; zoetwater; brakwater; katadroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 10 - ? m (Ref. 7399).   Temperate; 64°N - 20°N, 26°W - 42°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania (Ref. 3573). Records from the lagoon of Accra are probably misidentifications.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 2058); common length : 30.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7399)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 5; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 7-9; Anale stekels 3. Longer pectoral fins, lack of black spot at the pectoral fin base. Golden spot present in gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are neritic usually in schools, entering lagoons and lower estuaries (Ref. 7399); rarely entering freshwater (Ref. 3573, 59043). Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043). They feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton (Ref. 2804). Juveniles feed only on zooplankton (Ref. 59043). Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Minimum size allowed for fishing is 20 cm. The quality of the flesh is variable (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Harrison, Ian | Medewerkers

Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3573)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless




Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquacultuur: commercieel
FAO(Visserij: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.7, mean 11.9 (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00755 - 0.01208), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.14-0.34; tm=3-4; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.6, 2 SD range = 0.36 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.51, SD log(r) = 0.25, Based on: 1 M, 30 K, 2 tgen, 3 tmax, 2 Fec records
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.