Chelon auratus  (Risso, 1810)

Golden grey mullet
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Image of Chelon auratus (Golden grey mullet)
Chelon auratus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Etymology: Chelon: Greek, chelone = turtle (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; air tawar; payau; katadromus (ruaya dari air tawar ke laut) (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 10 - ? m (Ref. 7399).   Temperate; 64°N - 20°N, 26°W - 42°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania (Ref. 3573). Records from the lagoon of Accra are probably misidentifications.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 2058); common length : 30.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 7399)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 5; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 7-9; Duri dubur 3. Longer pectoral fins, lack of black spot at the pectoral fin base. Golden spot present in gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults are neritic usually in schools, entering lagoons and lower estuaries (Ref. 7399); rarely entering freshwater (Ref. 3573, 59043). Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043). They feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton (Ref. 2804). Juveniles feed only on zooplankton (Ref. 59043). Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Minimum size allowed for fishing is 20 cm. The quality of the flesh is variable (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Juveniles move to coastal lagoons and estuaries in winter and especially in spring (Ref. 59043).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Harrison, Ian | mitra

Thomson, J.M., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 344-349. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC; Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3573)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: komersial
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.7 - 20.7, mean 11.9 (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00755 - 0.01208), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.14-0.34; tm=3-4; Fec>10,000).
Prior r = 0.6, 2 SD range = 0.36 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.51, SD log(r) = 0.25, Based on: 1 M, 30 K, 2 tgen, 3 tmax, 2 Fec records
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.