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Zeus faber  Linnaeus, 1758

John dory
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Zeus faber   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Zeus faber (John dory)
Zeus faber
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Zeidae (Dories)
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino; salobre bentopelágico; oceanodromo (Ref. 35388); rango de profundidad 5 - 400 m (Ref. 9563), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4968).   Temperate; 75°N - 49°S, 17°W - 177°E (Ref. 54935)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Worldwide in distribution. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, also the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Pacific: Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. Also known from the Indian Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 36.2, range 29 - 35 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 6953); common length : 40.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 6953); peso máximo publicado: 8.0 kg (Ref. 35388); edad máxima reportada: 12 años (Ref. 5377)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 9 - 11; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 22-24; Espinas anales 4; Radios blandos anales: 20 - 23. Gill rakers rudimentary. Minute scales present. Highly compressed body (Ref. 4253). Large dark spot, surrounded by a light ring on each side of the body (Ref. 35388).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Found in areas close to the sea bed (Ref. 6390). Generally solitary. Feeds mainly on schooling bony fishes, occasionally on cephalopods and crustaceans (Ref. 27121). Reproduction takes place at the end of winter and at the start of spring in the northeastern Atlantic, earlier in the Mediterranean. Eggs are pelagic, maturity reached at 4 years (Ref. 36731). Sold fresh (Ref. 9563) and frozen (Ref. 9988). Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). The flesh is excellent but is utilized little in West Africa (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

No studies of their reproductive development or early life history have been undertaken in Australia (Ref. 6390). Pelagic eggs (Ref. 35388).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Colaboradores

Karrer, C. and A. Post, 1990. Zeidae. p. 631-633. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6953)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; pesca deportiva: si; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(pesquerías: producción, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.7 - 23.7, mean 13.6 (based on 1223 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7656   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.01187 - 0.01930), b=2.93 (2.86 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 4.5-14 años (K=0.15; tm=3-4; tmax=12).
Prior r = 0.54, 2 SD range = 0.29 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.62, SD log(r) = 0.31, Based on: 3 K, 8 tgen, 2 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.