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Echiichthys vipera  (Cuvier, 1829)

Lesser weever
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Image of Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)
Echiichthys vipera
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Trachinidae (Weeverfishes)
Etymology: Echiichthys: Greek, echieys, eos = a little viper + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal.   Subtropical; 59°N - 20°N, 19°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: North Sea to the Mediterranean, Morocco and Madeira. Reported from the Canary Islands (Ref. 3397).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4675); common length : 10.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4645)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Body elongate. Coloration grey-brown on the back and silvery-white on the sides. No spines in front of the eyes (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Littoral and benthic, on sandy, muddy or gravelly bottoms, from a few meters to about 150 m (in winter). Rest on the bottom, often buried with eyes and tip of first dorsal fin exposed. Considered as the most dangerous of the European weevers, both for its poison and for its frequent occurrence very near to beaches (Ref. 4675). There are venom glands on the first dorsal fin, which is totally black, and on the gill cover (Ref. 6790). Also Ref. 57406.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Roux, C., 1990. Trachinidae. p. 893-895. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6790)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.3 - 16.1, mean 10.5 (based on 734 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00194 - 0.01235), b=3.11 (2.89 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  .
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.