Scomberomorus sierra, Pacific sierra : fisheries, gamefish

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Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks, 1895

Pacific sierra
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Scomberomorus sierra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scomberomorus sierra
Picture by Reddish, P.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Jordan & Starks.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172).   Tropical; 33°N - 27°S, 121°W - 70°W (Ref. 168)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: La Jolla in southern California, USA to the Galapagos Islands and Paita, Peru. Recently reported from Antofagasta, Chile. Many authors have erroneously considered this species to be a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus, or a subspecies of it.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - 32 cm
Max length : 99.0 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 168); poids max. publié: 8.2 kg (Ref. 4699)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 15 - 18; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 16-19; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 21; Vertèbres: 46 - 49. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body covered with small scales. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Pelvic fins relatively long. Sides silvery with numerous round brownish (orange in life) spots, three rows above lateral line, one above. The first dorsal fin is black distally and white at the base. The second dorsal fin is tinged with yellowish and with black margin. The anal fin is white.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A schooling species believed to spawn close to the coast over most of its range. Adults occur near the surface of coastal waters to over bottom of the continental shelf (Ref. 11035). Adults feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies (Anchoa and Cetengraulis) and clupeids (Odontognathus and Opisthonema). The most abundant game fish along the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America. An excellent food fish enough to support a commercial fishery. Marketed fresh and frozen; also used for ceviche (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 28.9, mean 25.8 (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00415 - 0.01052), b=2.92 (2.79 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Assuming tm=2-4).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.