分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Pegusa: The old name of the Cnidus, the city in Asia minos where the Atheniasn defeated Spartans in a naval battle near 394 BC.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 底生の; 深さの範囲 5 - 350 m (Ref. 4710), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 26999). Subtropical; 57°N - 17°S, 18°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: northeastern to southeastern Atlantic; perhaps Gulf of Guinea; the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea; reported from Suez Canal (Ref. 32649); and Sea of Azov (Ref. 4710).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4710); common length : 30.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2714); 最大記録サイズ: 15 年 (Ref. 32766)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 69-87; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 53 - 73; 脊つい: 40 - 48. Last ray of dorsal and anal fins joined by a low membrane to the base of the caudal fin. Supratemporal branch of lateral line forming an arch. Anterior nostril on the blind side prominent forming a large round rosette, its diameter equal to that of the eye. Lower lip on ocular side undulated with about 6 lobes. Length of both nasal tubes and scales above it on the ocular side about equal. Pectoral fin on the ocular side with a black botch with a white margin except at its base; this blotch often interrupted by light space or accompanied by dots or streaks on one side or the other (present in fresh specimens from coast of Israel (Ref. 32649). Brownish yellow or reddish brown in color with obscure pale blotches and specks (Ref. 3200).
Found on gravel, sand or mud. Feeds on a wide range of small marine bivalves; mainly on crustaceans such as amphipods, mysids, shrimps, decapods, bivalves and polychaetes (Ref. 4710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1990. A taxonomic reappraisal of the Atlanto-Mediterranean soles Solea solea, S. senegalensis and S. lascaris. J. Fish Biol. 36(6):947-960. (Ref. 32649)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.6 - 27.6, mean 18.1 (based on 512 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00389 - 0.01023), b=3.19 (3.04 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.41; tm=4; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.52, 2 SD range = 0.29 - 0.94, log(r) = -0.65, SD log(r) = 0.29, Based on: 3 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .