Planiliza haematocheila  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)

So-iuy mullet
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Planiliza haematocheila
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 降海洄游 (Ref. 46888); 深度上下限 5 - 10 m (Ref. 559).   溫帶; 53°N - 18°N, 105°E - 146°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Hokkaido southward to Kyushu, Japan; Amur River southward to Xiamen through the Korean Peninsula (Ref. 41299). Reported from Vietnam (Ref. 9706). Introduced in the Aegean Sea (Ref. 113897), Black Sea and the Mediterranean (Ref. 101091).
西北太平洋: 日本; 而且從阿穆爾河向南至廈門經過朝鮮半島。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 48 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 56557); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9137); 最大体重: 5.0 kg (Ref. 56557)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow coastal waters as well as freshwater regions of rivers (Ref. 41299). Very common in the rivers discharging into Peter the Great Bay; enter freshwater. Large concentrations of fry-of-the-year measuring 3.1-6.2 cm in the mouths of rivers in August. Length in the Black Sea is usually 20-30 cm but may reach 43 cm; length in the Atlantic Ocean may reach 50 cm (Ref. 2058). Omnivorous (Ref. 9137). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Alien Invasive: In Azov Sea, it is now the most abundant mugilid species. Along shores of Black Sea, its expansion corresponds to a sharp decline of native species of Mugilidae, which it apparently replaces (Ref. 59043).

栖息于沿岸浅水区以及河的淡水区域.(参考文献 41299) 杂食性.(参考文献 9137) 最大的长度假定当 1.5* 普遍长度; 以资料尽快 (RF) 取代。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Juveniles spend their first year in freshwater then migrate to sea to breed (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 205.西北太平洋: 日本; 而且從阿穆爾河向南至廈門經過朝鮮半島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Harrison, Ian | 合作者

Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. (Ref. 9137)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的




人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
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捕食者
生态毒物学
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成熟度
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孕卵数

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.2 - 25, mean 22.4 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00587 - 0.01354), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.19 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.45, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.82, log(r) = -0.8, SD log(r) = 0.3, Based on: 1 K, 4 tgen, 2 Fec records
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.