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Planiliza haematocheila  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)

So-iuy mullet
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Planiliza haematocheila
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; süßwasser; brackwasser; katadrom (Ref. 46888); tiefenbereich 5 - 10 m (Ref. 559).   Temperate; 53°N - 18°N, 105°E - 146°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Hokkaido southward to Kyushu, Japan; Amur River southward to Xiamen through the Korean Peninsula (Ref. 41299). Reported from Vietnam (Ref. 9706). Introduced in the Aegean Sea (Ref. 113897), Black Sea and the Mediterranean (Ref. 101091).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 48 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 56557); common length : 50.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9137); max. veröff. Gewicht: 5.0 kg (Ref. 56557)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow coastal waters as well as freshwater regions of rivers (Ref. 41299). Very common in the rivers discharging into Peter the Great Bay; enter freshwater. Large concentrations of fry-of-the-year measuring 3.1-6.2 cm in the mouths of rivers in August. Length in the Black Sea is usually 20-30 cm but may reach 43 cm; length in the Atlantic Ocean may reach 50 cm (Ref. 2058). Omnivorous (Ref. 9137). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Alien Invasive: In Azov Sea, it is now the most abundant mugilid species. Along shores of Black Sea, its expansion corresponds to a sharp decline of native species of Mugilidae, which it apparently replaces (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Juveniles spend their first year in freshwater then migrate to sea to breed (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 205.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Harrison, Ian | Partner

Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. (Ref. 9137)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Fecundity
Eier
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Alter/Größe
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.2 - 25, mean 22.4 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00587 - 0.01354), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.19 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.45, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.82, log(r) = -0.8, SD log(r) = 0.3, Based on: 1 K, 4 tgen, 2 Fec records
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.