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Planiliza haematocheila  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)

So-iuy mullet
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Planiliza haematocheila
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) 鱸形目 (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets) 鯔科 (Mullets)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水; 降海洄游 (Ref. 46888); 深度上下限 5 - 10 m (Ref. 559).   溫帶; 53°N - 18°N, 105°E - 146°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Hokkaido southward to Kyushu, Japan; Amur River southward to Xiamen through the Korean Peninsula (Ref. 41299). Reported from Vietnam (Ref. 9706). Introduced in the Aegean Sea (Ref. 113897), Black Sea and the Mediterranean (Ref. 101091).
西北太平洋: 日本; 而且從阿穆爾河向南至廈門經過朝鮮半島。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 48 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 56557); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9137); 最大體重: 5.0 kg (Ref. 56557)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow coastal waters as well as freshwater regions of rivers (Ref. 41299). Very common in the rivers discharging into Peter the Great Bay; enter freshwater. Large concentrations of fry-of-the-year measuring 3.1-6.2 cm in the mouths of rivers in August. Length in the Black Sea is usually 20-30 cm but may reach 43 cm; length in the Atlantic Ocean may reach 50 cm (Ref. 2058). Omnivorous (Ref. 9137). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Alien Invasive: In Azov Sea, it is now the most abundant mugilid species. Along shores of Black Sea, its expansion corresponds to a sharp decline of native species of Mugilidae, which it apparently replaces (Ref. 59043).

棲息於沿岸淺水區以及河的淡水區域.(參考文獻 41299) 雜食性.(參考文獻 9137) 卵生的, 卵是大洋性與非黏性物.(參考文獻 205) 最大的長度假定當 1.5* 普遍長度; 以資料盡快 (RF) 取代。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Juveniles spend their first year in freshwater then migrate to sea to breed (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 205.西北太平洋: 日本; 而且從阿穆爾河向南至廈門經過朝鮮半島。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Harrison, Ian | 合作者

Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. (Ref. 9137)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的




人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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生態毒物學
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成熟度
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.2 - 25, mean 22.4 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00587 - 0.01354), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.19 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.45, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.82, log(r) = -0.8, SD log(r) = 0.3, Based on: 1 K, 4 tgen, 2 Fec records
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.