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Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)

Elongate surgeonfish
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Acanthurus mata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Acanthurus mata
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 5 - 100 m (Ref. 28016), usually 5 - 45 m (Ref. 27115).   热带; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 35°S, 30°E - 137°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa and east to the Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的纳塔尔而且东至马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁与新加勒多尼亚的南方。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3145); 最大年龄: 23 年 (Ref. 52229)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 24-26; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 23 - 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body moderately deep and compressed, its depth 2.1-2.5 times in standard length or SL (smaller individuals are deeper-bodied); snout relatively short, 6-6.9 times in SL; eye 3.2-4.5 times in head length (at 12-28 cm SL); mouth small; teeth spatulate, close-set, with denticulate edges, and small for the genus; total gill rakers on first gill arch 13-15; continuous, unnotched dorsal fin IX,24-26; A III,23-24; caudal fin emarginate to lunate, concavity 6.5-9 times in SL (concavity is greater in larger individuals); caudal peduncle narrow, the least depth 10-12 times in SL with a lancet-like spine on each side which folds into a deep horizontal groove; stomach large, U-shaped, thin-walled with large, thorn-like papillae on inner surface; colour brown with longitudinal blue lines on head and body; a yellow area behind eye and 2 yellow bands extending anteriorly from eye; when alive, this fish is capable of changing its ground colour from dark brown to pale blue (Ref. 9808).
身体褐色; 头部有条纹的; 鳍褐色。 能够改变颜色到灰蓝色的整体。 在眼后面一个黄色的区域与 2 黄色的条纹延伸前面的从眼。 一,锐利地,朝向前面的在尾梗的两边上进入一个水平的凹槽之内摺叠下来的直立的硬棘; 在白色的鞘中棘。 鳃耙 13-15 在前面与后面的列中。 鳞片细小的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit steep slopes, often in turbid waters, generally in the vicinity of coral reefs (Ref. 58652) or rocky bottoms. They form resident spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825, 48637). Adults often seen in schools, feeding mid-water on plankton (Ref. 48637). Feed on zooplankton. Marketed fresh. Flesh is almost never poisonous (Ref. 4795).

栖息于陡坡,常见于混浊的水域中, 通常在邻近珊瑚礁或岩石底部。 形成定居的产卵群集。 (参考文献 27825,48637) 成鱼常被见到成群, 在浮游生物上的进食中层水域.(参考文献 48637) 捕食浮游动物。 在市场上销售生鲜地了。 肉几乎从不是有毒的。 (参考文献 4795)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Form resident spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825).印度-太平洋: 红海南至南非的纳塔尔而且东至马贵斯群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁与新加勒多尼亚的南方。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1987. Three nomenclatorial changes in Indo-Pacific surgeonfishes (Acanthurinae). Pac. Sci. 41(1-4):54-61. (Ref. 1921)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 119314)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 4716)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1918 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01608 - 0.03923), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.25 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.219; tmax=23).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.