Luciobarbus comizo  (Steindachner, 1864)

Iberian barbel
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Luciobarbus comizo
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 44°N - 36°N, 10°W - 1°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: orbit touching or protruding out of dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; dorsal head profile concave in adults; last simple dorsal ray spinous, strongly serrated posteriorly; lower lip thin, without medina lobe; tip of lower jaw covered by lower lip; lateral line with 48-53 scales; head length 27-34% SL; and snout length 2.3-2.8 times in HL (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Portugal and Spain in Tagus and Guadiana drainages. Extirpated in Guadalquivir drainage, Spain (Ref. 59043). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 6376).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit middle and lower reaches, in deep and slow water, with abundant submerged plants (Ref. 11240). Feed on invertebrates, plants and fish (Ref. 26100). Juveniles prey on invertebrates while large adult individuals are mainly piscivorous. Spawn probably in May-June (Ref. 59043). Threatened by pollution, habitat destruction, introduction of new species (Ref. 26100) and water abstraction (Ref. 59043). Attains up to about 80 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2ce)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00274 - 0.00838), b=3.16 (2.99 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.52 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.