Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Calamus: Greek, kalamos = reed, cane (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 80 m (Ref. 9344), usually 3 - 18 m. Subtropical; 29°N - 8°S, 115°W - 77°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 9344)
Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Peru; rare north of Baja California, Mexico.
Inhabits sandy areas to about 69 m depth but usually from 3-18 m. The young occur in very shallow water on reef flats and in sandy bays over mixed sand and rock bottoms (Ref. 5592). Probably feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9344). Only caught incidentally with trawls (Ref. 9344).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .