You can sponsor this page

Scomber scombrus  Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic mackerel
Voeg je waarneming toe in Fish Watcher
Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google afbeelding
Image of Scomber scombrus (Atlantic mackerel)
Scomber scombrus
Picture by Svensen, E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 54254), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54254).   Temperate; 70°N - 25°N, 77°W - 42°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North Atlantic: including the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 28.7, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 168); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 3.4 kg (Ref. 9988); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 17 jaren (Ref. 207)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8 - 14; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 113; Anale stekels 1; Anale zachte stralen: 12 - 13; Wervels: 31. This species has the following characters: no well developed corselet; interpelvic process small and single; anal fin spine conspicuous, joined to the fin by a membrane but clearly independent of it; anal fin origin opposite that of second dorsal fin; no swim bladder; first haemal spine anterior to first interneural process; 21-28 interneural bones under first dorsal fin; markings on back oblique to near vertical, with relatively little undulating; belly unmarked (Ref. 168).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, forms large schools near the surface. They overwinter in deeper waters but move closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11° and 14°C. Mainly diurnal, it feeds on zooplankton and small fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). The species is traded fresh, frozen, smoked and canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Two stocks in north-east Atlantic: North Sea (east) and British Isles (west). North Sea stock decreased dramatically in the 1960's because of direct overfishing. Recruitment has been poor and unstable. After spawning, the adult feed very actively moving around in small shoals (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medewerkers

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless




Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO(Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 17.5, mean 10.2 (based on 2460 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00581 - 0.00718), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (rm=0.33-0.56; K=0.23-0.27; tm=2-3; tmax=17; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.48, 2 SD range = 0.23 - 1.00, log(r) = -0.73, SD log(r) = 0.37, Based on: 1 M, 16 K, 13 tgen, 1 tmax, 25 Fec records
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.