Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.0; dH range: 5 - 12. Tropical; 20°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 11°S - 21°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248)
Africa: Cunene, Okavango (Ref. 52193), upper and middle Zambezi River systems including the Kafue (Ref. 52193, 95585). In the upper Congo River basin in the Luapula (Ref. 41590), Luongo River (Luapula system) (Ref. 27609) and Bangweulu swamps (Ref. 42135). Also known from Lake Kariba (Ref. 27602).
Prefers well-oxygenated but vegetated waters such as floodplain river channels and permanent lagoons. Shy, emerging in subdued light, most active in early morning and late afternoon (Ref. 7248). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Migrates during rainy season (Ref. 13337).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning occurs in thick plantation.
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00742 - 0.02950), b=2.94 (2.77 - 3.11), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.34 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .