Family Esocidae - Pikes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 7 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Wilson et al. 1993
  Remark
:
Distribution: Northern Hemishpere, colder parts of Eurasia and North America. Duckbill-like snout. Forked caudal fin; caudal rays 40-50, usually 17 branched rays; no spines. Many small cycloid scales. Complete lateral line. With at least 8 pores in infraorbital canal. Branchiostegal rays 10-20. Nasals present. With 43-67 vertebrae. To 1.8 m maximum length. Pikes are voracious predators, feeding on a wide variety of fishes and other vertebrates.
  Etymology
:
From Greek, isox and also related with the Celtic root, eog, ehawc = salmon
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Protacanthopterygii | Esociformes | Esocidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Esocidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
Trematina foveolata Trautschold, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Lucius lucius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Luccius vorax Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox estor Lesueur, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox lucius variegatus Fitzinger, 1832
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Esox lucioides Agassiz & Girard, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox boreus Agassiz, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox nobilior Thompson, 1850
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox lucius atrox Anikin, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox lucius bergi Kaganowsky, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Esox americanus Gmelin, 1789
acceptedseniororiginal5
Esox niger Lesueur, 1818
acceptedseniororiginal1
Esox masquinongy Mitchill, 1824
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Esox estor Lesueur, 1818
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Esox nobilior Thompson, 1850
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Esox lucioides (non Agassiz & Girard, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Esox vermiculatus Lesueur, 1846
synonymseniororiginal5
Esox reichertii Dybowski, 1869
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Esox reicherti Dybowski, 1869
synonymseniororiginal
! Lucius reicherti (Dybowski, 1869)
synonymseniornew
Esox lucius (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Esox cisalpinus Bianco & Delmastro, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Esox flaviae Lucentini, Puletti, Ricciolini, Gigliarelli, Fontaneto, Lanfaloni, Bilò, Natali & Panara, 2011
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
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