Family Distichodontidae - Distichodus
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 17 | Species : 101 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Africa. Two different groups: one includes micropredators and herbivorous species with non-protractile jaws and variable body shape occuring from shallow to deep waters. the other one (sometimes referred to as Ichthyboridae) includes carnivorous species (on fins or entire fishes) with movable upper jaw and elongated body shapespecies. The subfamily Distichodontinae in FoW1994 (Nelson, 1994: Ref. 7463) was raised to the family level in FoW2006 (Nelson, 2006: Ref. 58010).
  Etymology
:
Greek, di = two + Greek, stix, stichos = line, row (Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Citharinoidei | Distichodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Distichodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Distichodus nefasch (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo nefasch Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal2
Salmo niloticus Hasselquist, 1762
synonymotheroriginal2
Distichodus niloticus (Hasselquist, 1762)
ambiguousothernew
Salmo aegyptius Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal2
Characinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus macrolepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus schenga Peters, 1852
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodus shenga Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus touteei Pellegrin, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus rostratus Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus martini Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Salmo niloticus (non Hasselquist, 1762)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Salmo aegyptius (non Gmelin, 1789)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Characinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus engycephalus (non Günther, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus notospilus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus affinis Günther, 1873
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodura affine (Günther, 1873)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus antonii Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus lusosso Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodus lussosso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
! Distichodus lussusso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus petersii Pfeffer, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus albini Steindachner, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus sexfasciatus Boulenger, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus tanganicae Worthington & Ricardo, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus fasciolatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodus fasciatus Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus martini Schilthuis, 1891
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Distichodus maculatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodus maculates Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus altus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus noboli Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus hypostomatus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus langi Nichols & Griscom, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Distichodus vexillifer Pellegrin, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal2
Distichodus teugelsi Mamonekene & Vreven, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ichthyborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Characinus besse Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
Ichthyborus besse besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Ichthyoborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus microlepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ichthyborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus ornatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
Phagoborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus taeniatus Vaillant, 1886
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Ichthyborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus quadrilineatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal2
Phagoborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Gavialocharax monodi Pellegrin, 1927
synonymseniororiginal2
! Ichthyoborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal5
Phago loricatus Günther, 1865
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Phago rostratus (not of Boulenger, 1899)
synonymothernew
Phago maculatus Ahl, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phago boulengeri Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
Phago intermedius Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Phago fulica Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannocharax fasciatus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax seyboldi Schultz, 1942
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannocharax niloticus (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Coregonus niloticus Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax elongatus Boulenger, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Nannochromis elongatus Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax brevis Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax taenia Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax intermedius Boulenger, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax parvus Pellegrin, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Nannocharax ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannocharax parvus (non Pellegrin, 1906)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nannocharax ogoensis Pellegrin, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax luapulae Boulenger, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax procatopus Boulenger, 1920
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax macropterus Pellegrin, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax fasciolaris Nichols & Boulton, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax altus Pellegrin, 1930
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax hollyi Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax micros Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax pteron Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lepinannocharax pteron (Fowler, 1936)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Nannocharax niloticus tchadensis Blache & Milton, 1961
ambiguousotheroriginal
Nannocharax lineomaculatus Blache & Miton, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal2
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Nannocharax maculicauda Vari & Géry, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax latifasciatus Coenen & Teugels, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax rubrolabiatus Van den Bergh, Teugels, Coenen & Ollevier, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax reidi Vari & Ferraris, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax usongo Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax zebra Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax dageti Jerep, Vari & Vreven, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nannocharax hastatus Jerep & Vari, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Hemigrammocharax ocellicauda (non Boulenger, 1907)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xenocharax spilurus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal2
Xenocharax crassus Pellegrin, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannaethiops bleheri Géry & Zarske, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Neolebias unifasciatus Steindachner, 1894
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannaethiops unifasciatus (Steindachner, 1894)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias univittatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias trilineatus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Neolebias tritaeniatus (Boulenger, 1913)
synonymjuniornew
Neolebias ansorgii Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Neolebias ansorgei Boulenger, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannaethiops geisleri Hoedeman, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Neolebias spilotaenia Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Congocharax spilotaenia (Boulenger, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias axelrodi Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
Neolebias philippei Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
Neolebias trewavasae Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias unifasciatus (non Steindachner, 1894)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias gossei (Poll & Lambert, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
Congocharax gossei Poll & Lambert, 1964
synonymseniororiginal2
Neolebias gracilis Matthes, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannaethiops gracilis (Matthes, 1964)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Neolebias powelli Teugels & Roberts, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal2
Neolebias lozii Winemiller & Kelso-Winemiller, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eugnathichthys eetveldii Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eugnathichthys virgatus Stiassny, Denton & Monsembula Iyaba, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Paraphago rostratus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemistichodus vaillanti Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemitichodus vaillanti (non Pellegrin, 1900)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemistichodus lootensi Poll & Daget, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemistichodus mesmaekersi (non Poll, 1959)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mesoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Neoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
synonymotherother
Champsoborus pellegrini Boulenger, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Mesoborus pellegrini (Boulenger, 1909)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Tristichodus christyi Boulenger, 1920
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Paradistichodus dimidiatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Nannocharax dimidiatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal2
Distichodus ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Distichodus ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal
Paradistichodus elegans Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Nannocharax ocellicauda Boulenger, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Thrissocharax ocellicauda (Boulenger, 1907)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Nannocharax uniocellatus (Pellegrin, 1926)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax minutus Worthington, 1933
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemigrammocharax minutus (Worthington, 1933)
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax wittei (Poll, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Nannocharax monardi (Pellegrin, 1936)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax monardi Pellegrin, 1936
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymotherother
Nannocharax rubensteini (Jerep & Vari, 2013)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax rubensteini Jerep & Vari, 2013
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Belonophago hutsebauti Giltay, 1929
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
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