Family Distichodontidae - Distichodus
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 17 | Species : 100 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Africa. Two different groups: one includes micropredators and herbivorous species with non-protractile jaws and variable body shape occuring from shallow to deep waters. the other one (sometimes referred to as Ichthyboridae) includes carnivorous species (on fins or entire fishes) with movable upper jaw and elongated body shapespecies. The subfamily Distichodontinae in FoW1994 (Nelson, 1994: Ref. 7463) was raised to the family level in FoW2006 (Nelson, 2006: Ref. 58010).
  Etymology
:
Greek, di = two + Greek, stix, stichos = line, row (Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Citharinoidei | Distichodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Distichodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Distichodus nefasch (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo nefasch Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal1
Salmo niloticus Hasselquist, 1762
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Distichodus niloticus (Hasselquist, 1762)
ambiguousothernew
Salmo aegyptius Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal1
Characinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus macrolepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus schenga Peters, 1852
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Distichodus shenga Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus touteei Pellegrin, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus rostratus Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus martini Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal1
Salmo niloticus (non Hasselquist, 1762)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Salmo aegyptius (non Gmelin, 1789)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Characinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus nefasch (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus engycephalus (non Günther, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Distichodus notospilus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus affinis Günther, 1873
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Distichodura affine (Günther, 1873)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus antonii Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus lusosso Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Distichodus lussosso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
! Distichodus lussusso Schilthuis, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus petersii Pfeffer, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus albini Steindachner, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus sexfasciatus Boulenger, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus tanganicae Worthington & Ricardo, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus fasciolatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Distichodus fasciatus Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus martini Schilthuis, 1891
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Distichodus maculatus Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Distichodus maculates Boulenger, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Distichodus altus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus noboli Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus hypostomatus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus langi Nichols & Griscom, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Distichodus vexillifer Pellegrin, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal1
Distichodus teugelsi Mamonekene & Vreven, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ichthyborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Characinus besse Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal1
Ichthyborus besse besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Ichthyoborus besse (Joannis, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus microlepis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ichthyborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus ornatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymseniororiginal1
Phagoborus ornatus (Boulenger, 1899)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus taeniatus Vaillant, 1886
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Ichthyborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Neoborus quadrilineatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Phagoborus quadrilineatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Ichthyborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Gavialocharax monodi Pellegrin, 1927
synonymseniororiginal1
! Ichthyoborus monodi (Pellegrin, 1927)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal5
Phago loricatus Günther, 1865
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Phago rostratus (not of Boulenger, 1899)
synonymothernew
Phago maculatus Ahl, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal1
Phago boulengeri Schilthuis, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal1
Phago intermedius Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
Phago fulica Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax fasciatus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax seyboldi Schultz, 1942
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax niloticus (Joannis, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Coregonus niloticus Joannis, 1835
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax elongatus Boulenger, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Nannochromis elongatus Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal
Nannocharax brevis Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax taenia Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax intermedius Boulenger, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax parvus Pellegrin, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Nannocharax ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannocharax parvus (non Pellegrin, 1906)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nannocharax ogoensis Pellegrin, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax luapulae Boulenger, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax procatopus Boulenger, 1920
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax macropterus Pellegrin, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax fasciolaris Nichols & Boulton, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax altus Pellegrin, 1930
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax hollyi Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax micros Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax pteron Fowler, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
Lepinannocharax pteron (Fowler, 1936)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Nannocharax niloticus tchadensis Blache & Milton, 1961
ambiguousotheroriginal
Nannocharax lineomaculatus Blache & Miton, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Nannocharax maculicauda Vari & Géry, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax latifasciatus Coenen & Teugels, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax rubrolabiatus Van den Bergh, Teugels, Coenen & Ollevier, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax reidi Vari & Ferraris, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax usongo Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax zebra Dunz & Schliewen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannocharax dageti Jerep, Vari & Vreven, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Nannocharax macropterus (non Pellegrin, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xenocharax spilurus Günther, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal1
Xenocharax crassus Pellegrin, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannaethiops bleheri Géry & Zarske, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neolebias unifasciatus Steindachner, 1894
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannaethiops unifasciatus (Steindachner, 1894)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias univittatus Boulenger, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias trilineatus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Neolebias tritaeniatus (Boulenger, 1913)
synonymjuniornew
Neolebias ansorgii Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Neolebias ansorgei Boulenger, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nannaethiops geisleri Hoedeman, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal1
Neolebias spilotaenia Boulenger, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Congocharax spilotaenia (Boulenger, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Neolebias axelrodi Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neolebias philippei Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neolebias trewavasae Poll & Gosse, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nannaethiops unitaeniatus (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias unifasciatus (non Steindachner, 1894)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Neolebias gossei (Poll & Lambert, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
Congocharax gossei Poll & Lambert, 1964
synonymseniororiginal1
Neolebias gracilis Matthes, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannaethiops gracilis (Matthes, 1964)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neolebias powelli Teugels & Roberts, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neolebias lozii Winemiller & Kelso-Winemiller, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eugnathichthys eetveldii Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eugnathichthys virgatus Stiassny, Denton & Monsembula Iyaba, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Paraphago rostratus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hemistichodus vaillanti Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hemitichodus vaillanti (non Pellegrin, 1900)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemistichodus lootensi Poll & Daget, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hemistichodus mesmaekersi (non Poll, 1959)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mesoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Neoborus crocodilus Pellegrin, 1900
synonymotherother
Champsoborus pellegrini Boulenger, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mesoborus pellegrini (Boulenger, 1909)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
Tristichodus christyi Boulenger, 1920
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Paradistichodus dimidiatus (Pellegrin, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Nannocharax dimidiatus Pellegrin, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Distichodus ansorgii Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Distichodus ansorgei Boulenger, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal
Paradistichodus elegans Pellegrin, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Nannocharax ocellicauda Boulenger, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Thrissocharax ocellicauda (Boulenger, 1907)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Nannocharax uniocellatus (Pellegrin, 1926)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax minutus Worthington, 1933
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hemigrammocharax minutus (Worthington, 1933)
synonymseniornew
Nannocharax wittei (Poll, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Nannocharax monardi (Pellegrin, 1936)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax monardi Pellegrin, 1936
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymotherother
Nannocharax rubensteini (Jerep & Vari, 2013)
acceptedseniornew
Hemigrammocharax rubensteini Jerep & Vari, 2013
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Belonophago hutsebauti Giltay, 1929
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
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