Family Arapaimidae - Bonytongues
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 5 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Composed of only two species, the Neotropical arapaima, Arapaima gigas, and the African bonytongue, Heterotis niloticus; these two had in the past often been included within Osteoglossidae. The name Heterotidae has been used for this family, but the name Arapaimidae is older and, thus, is the correct name. Arapaima gigas is the largest truly freshwater fish in South America, the largest individuals of which are at least 390 cm in length (unconfirmed reports of greater than 450 cm). The family is spelled by Ferraris as Arapaimatidae.
  Etymology
:
Greek, osteon = bone + Greek, glossa = tongue ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
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  Coordinator
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  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Osteoglossocephala | Osteoglossomorpha | Osteoglossiformes | Arapaimidae

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Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Arapaimidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Sudis gigas Schinz, 1822
synonymseniororiginal2
! Arapaema gigas (Schinz, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Sudis gigas Cuvier, 1829
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Arapaima gigas (Cuvier, 1829)
ambiguousothernew
Sudis pirarucu Spix & Agassiz, 1829
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Vastres cuvieri Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Vastres arapaima Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal1
Vastres agassizii (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Vastres mapae (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Arapaima agassizii (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Vastres agassizii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Arapaima mapae (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Vastres mapae Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Arapaima leptosoma Stewart, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Heterotis niloticus (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
! Sudis niloticus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
Clupisudis niloticus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Sudis nilotica Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
! Heterotis nilotica (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Sudis adansonii Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterotis adansonii (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
Sudis niloticus Rüppell, 1829
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Heterotis adansoni Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterotis ehrenbergii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
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