Family Atherinopsidae - Neotropical silversides
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 13 | Species : 110 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Neotropical silversides are distributed in freshwater and marine temperate waters of North America, in freshwater and marine tropical and subtropical waters of Central America, and in South America present only in temperate freshwaters yet in all marine (tropical, subtropical, and temperate) waters. These silversides are distinguished by a combination of the following external characters: two widely separated dorsal fins, the first with flexible spines and the second with one spine followed by soft rays; anal fin with one spine followed by soft rays; pectoral fins high on body; mouth small and terminal or subterminal; upper jaw with or without protusion, premaxilla expanded distally; two dashed lateral lines, the upper one dorsal to the lateral band ending before the anal-fin origin and the lower one along ventral part of abdominal region and laterally from mid-anal fin to end of caudal peduncle; broad silvery lateral band (black in preserved specimens); pelvic fins abdominal; scales relatively large (usually 31-50 in lateral series), or small (over 100), cycloid (some species crenate); vertebrae 35-60. Reported maximum length 52 cm SL for Odontesthes bonariensis and smallest is Menidia colei (4.2 cm SL). Most species are marine. However, there are about 50 species confined to freshwater and others that enter estuaries to spawn or as young. Feed on zooplankton, insects, small fishes and sometimes snails. Some species of Chirostoma and Odontesthes are of economic importance, either for sport fishing, artisanal fisheries or aquaculture.
  Etymology
:
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Atherinomorphae | Atheriniformes | Atherinopsidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Atherinopsidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Atherinopsinae
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherina storeri Ayres, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherinopsis sonorae Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherinops affinis (Ayres, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Atherinops insularum Gilbert, 1891
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherinops oregonia Jordan & Snyder, 1913
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Pisciregia archaeus (Cope, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Basilichthys australis Eigenmann, 1928
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leuresthes tenuis (Ayres, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Leuresthes crameri Jordan & Evermann, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leuresthes sardina (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina sardina Jenkins & Evermann, 1889
synonymseniororiginal2
Menidia clara Evermann & Jenkins, 1891
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leuresthes clara (Evermann & Jenkins, 1891)
synonymjuniornew
Odontesthes perugiae Evermann & Kendall, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal2
Kronia perugiae (Evermann & Kendall, 1906)
synonymseniornew
! Odontesthes perugiai Evermann & Kendall, 1906
synonymseniororiginal
Basilichthys microather Marrero y Galindez, 1950
synonymotheroriginal2
Odontesthes regia (Humboldt, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina regia Humboldt, 1821
synonymseniororiginal2
Austromenidia regia (Humbolft, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Atherina laticlavia Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Austromenidia laticlava (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
Chirostoma affine Steindachner, 1898
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cauque regillus (Abbott, 1899)
synonymjuniornew
Odontesthes regillus (Abbott, 1899)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes argentinensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina argentinensis Valenciennes, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Atherina lessonii Valenciennes, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
! Atherina lessoni Valenciennes, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Pseudothyrina iheringi Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes jheringi (Miranda Ribeiro, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudothyrina jheringi Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal
Kronia iguapensis Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes iguapensis (Miranda Ribeiro, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Menidia thomasii Meinken, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal2
Kronia alba de Buen, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
Kronia rex de Buen, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina bonariensis Valenciennes, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
Basilichthys bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Menidia bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Odonthestes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Atherina lichtensteinii Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Basilichthys puntanus Lahille, 1929
synonymjuniororiginal
Odontesthes incisa (Jenyns, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina incisa Jenyns, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Austroatherina incisa (Jenyns, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Austromenidia incisa (Jenyns, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Sorgentinia incisa (Jenyns, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Tupa incisa (Jenyns, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Menidia uruguayensis Devincenzi, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes nigricans (Richardson, 1848)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina nigricans Richardson, 1848
synonymseniororiginal2
Austroatherina nigricans (Richardson, 1848)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
ambiguousquestionablechange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal1
Odontesthes brevianalis (Günther, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Odontesthes debueni Fischer, 1963
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Yaci platensis (Berg, 1895)
synonymseniornew
Odontesthes mauleanum (Steindachner, 1896)
acceptedseniornew
Chirostoma mauleanum Steindachner, 1896
synonymseniororiginal2
Cauque mauleanum (Steindachner, 1896)
synonymseniornew
Patagonina mauleana (Steindachner, 1896)
synonymseniornew
! Patagonia mauleana (Steindachner, 1896)
synonymseniornew
Chirostoma itatanum Steindachner, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cauque molinae Fowler, 1940
synonymjuniororiginal2
Odontesthes gracilis (Steindachner, 1898)
acceptedseniornew
Chirostoma gracile Steindachner, 1898
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinichthys gracilis (Steindachner, 1898)
synonymseniornew
Austromenidia gracilis (Steindachner, 1898)
synonymseniornew
Basilichthys gracilis (Steindachner, 1898)
synonymseniornew
Odontesthes hatcheri (Eigenmann, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia hatcheri Eigenmann, 1909
synonymseniororiginal2
Austroatherina hatcheri (Eigenmann, 1909)
synonymseniornew
Patagonina hatcheri (Eigenmann, 1909)
synonymseniornew
Basilichthys cuyanus Burmeister, 1861
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Basilichthys andinus Lahille, 1929
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Odontesthes wiebrichi (Eigenmann, 1928)
acceptedseniornew
Cauque wiebrichi Eigenmann, 1928
synonymseniororiginal2
Odontesthes smitti (Lahille, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
Basilichthys smitti Lahille, 1929
synonymseniororiginal2
Sorgentinia smitti (Lahille, 1929)
synonymseniornew
Atherina jacksoniana Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
Menidia patagoniensis Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Odontesthes humensis de Buen, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal2
Odontesthes guazu de Buen, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Odontesthes guaza de Buen, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Odontesthes retropinnis (de Buen, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
Yaci retropinnis de Buen, 1953
synonymseniororiginal2
Odontesthes mirinensis Bemvenuti, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal2
Odontesthes bicudo Malabarba & Dyer, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Odontesthes ledae Malabarba & Dyer, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Odontesthes piquava Malabarba & Dyer, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Colpichthys regis (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinops regis Jenkins & Evermann, 1889
synonymseniororiginal2
Colpichthys hubbsi Crabtree, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Menidiinae
Menidia menidia (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina menidia Linnaeus, 1766
ambiguousseniororiginal2
! Menida menida (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
Atherina notata Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Menidia notata (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
Atherina viridescens Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherina boscii Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Menidia dentex Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phoxargyrea dayi Fowler, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Menidia beryllina (Cope, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Menidia audens (non Hay, 1882)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Menidia peninsulae (Goode & Bean, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Chirostoma peninsulae Goode & Bean, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
Menidia audens Hay, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal2
Menidia conchorum Hildebrand & Ginsburg, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal2
Menidia colei Hubbs, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Menidia extensa Hubbs & Raney, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal2
Menidia clarkhubbsi Echelle & Mosier, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
Membras martinica (Valenciennes, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina martinica Valenciennes, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
Membras vagrans (Goode & Bean, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Chirostoma vagrans Goode & Bean, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Membras laciniata (Swain, 1883)
synonymjuniornew
Membras gilberti (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia gilberti Jordan & Bollman, 1890
synonymseniororiginal2
Membras analis (Schultz, 1948)
acceptedseniornew
Adenops analis Schultz, 1948
synonymseniororiginal2
Membras argentea (Schultz, 1948)
acceptedseniornew
Adenops argenteus Schultz, 1948
synonymseniororiginal2
Membras dissimilis (Carvalho, 1956)
acceptedseniornew
Adenops dissimilis Carvalho, 1956
synonymseniororiginal2
Chirostoma humboldtianum (Valenciennes, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina humboldtiana Valenciennes, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
! Chirostoma humbolditianum (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Chirostoma humboldtiana (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Chirostoma humboltianum (Valenciennes, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Atherina vomerina Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirostoma regani Jordan & Hubbs, 1919
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirostoma ocampoi Álvarez, 1963
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirostoma estor Jordan, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Atherinichthys albus Steindachner, 1894
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirostoma grandocule (Steindachner, 1894)
acceptedseniornew
Atherinichthys grandoculis Steindachner, 1894
synonymseniororiginal2
Chirostoma jordani Woolman, 1894
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherinichthys brevis Steindachner, 1894
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Poblana hidalgoi Álvarez, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirostoma bartoni Jordan & Evermann, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma arge (Jordan & Snyder, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Eslopsarum arge Jordan & Snyder, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
Chirostoma chapalae Jordan & Snyder, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma promelas Jordan & Snyder, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma lucius Boulenger, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma crystallinum Jordan & Snyder, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Chirostoma ocotlane Jordan & Snyder, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Chirostoma sphyraena Boulenger, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma diazi Jordan & Snyder, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Chirostoma lermae Jordan & Snyder, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Chirostoma samani Terron, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Chirostoma consocium Jordan & Hubbs, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma consocium consocium Jordan & Hubbs, 1919
synonymseniorchange in rank
Chirostoma compressum de Buen, 1940
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Chirostoma charari (de Buen, 1945)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Chirostoma copandaro de Buen, 1945
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Chirostoma melanoccus Álvarez, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma reseratum Álvarez, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Chirostoma riojai Solórzano & López, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma aculeatum Barbour, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirostoma contrerasi Barbour, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella panamensis Steindachner, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
acceptedseniornew
Atherina brasiliensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal2
Xenomelaniris brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella guatemalensis (Günther, 1864)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella pachylepis (Günther, 1864)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Melaniris pachylepis (Günther, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella eriarcha Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eurystole eriarcha (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella crystallina (Jordan & Culver, 1895)
acceptedseniornew
Thyrina crystallina Jordan & Culver, 1895
synonymseniororiginal2
Thyrina evermanni Jordan & Culver, 1895
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherinella evermanni (Jordan & Culver, 1895)
synonymjuniornew
Atherinella balsana (Meek, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Atherinella balsanus (Meek, 1902)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella sallei (Regan, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Archomenidia sallei (Regan, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Archomenidia bolivari Álvarez & Carranza, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atherinella lisa (Meek, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia lisa Meek, 1904
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella meeki (Miller, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Thyrina meeki Miller, 1907
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella sardina (Meek, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella chagresi (Meek & Hildebrand, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia chagresi Meek & Hildebrand, 1914
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Atherinella columbiensis (Hubbs, 1920)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella venezuelae (Eigenmann, 1920)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia venezuelae Eigenmann, 1920
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella beani (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Kirtlandia beani Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella starksi (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Menidia starksi Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
synonymseniororiginal2
Coleotropis starksi (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella guija (Hildebrand, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
Thyrina guija Hildebrand, 1925
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella nepenthe (Myers & Wade, 1942)
acceptedseniornew
Nectarges nepenthe Myers & Wade, 1942
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella nesiotes (Myers & Wade, 1942)
acceptedseniornew
Nectarges nesiotes Myers & Wade, 1942
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella nocturna (Myers & Wade, 1942)
acceptedseniornew
Nectarges nocturnus Myers & Wade, 1942
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella pallida (Fowler, 1944)
acceptedseniornew
Melaniris pallida Fowler, 1944
synonymseniororiginal2
Eurystole pallida (Fowler, 1944)
synonymseniornew
Atherinella blackburni (Schultz, 1949)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella robbersi (Fowler, 1950)
acceptedseniornew
Adenops robbersi Fowler, 1950
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella schultzi (Álvarez & Carranza, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
Xenatherina schultzi Álvarez & Carranza, 1952
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella alvarezi (Díaz-Pardo, 1972)
acceptedseniornew
Thyrinops alvarezi Díaz-Pardo, 1972
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella hubbsi (Bussing, 1979)
acceptedseniornew
Melaniris hubbsi Bussing, 1979
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella jiloaensis (Bussing, 1979)
acceptedseniornew
Melaniris jiloaensis Bussing, 1979
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella milleri (Bussing, 1979)
acceptedseniornew
Melaniris milleri Bussing, 1979
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella marvelae (Chernoff & Miller, 1982)
acceptedseniornew
Archomenidia marvelae Chernoff & Miller, 1982
synonymseniororiginal2
Atherinella ammophila Chernoff & Miller, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherinella argentea Chernoff, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherinella callida Chernoff, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Atherinella elegans Chernoff, 1986
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Atherinella serrivomer Chernoff, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Melanorhinus boekei Metzelaar, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal2
Mugilops marinus Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Atherina microps Poey, 1860
synonymseniororiginal2
Melanorhinus cyanellus (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Mugilops cyanellus Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
synonymseniororiginal2
Poblana alchichica de Buen, 1945
acceptedseniororiginal2
Poblana letholepis Álvarez, 1950
acceptedseniororiginal2
Poblana squamata Álvarez, 1950
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Poblana ferdebueni Solórzano & López, 1965
acceptedseniororiginal2
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