Family Anostomidae - Headstanders
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 14 | Species : 155 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Species belonging to this family occur in South America. Mandible relatively short; upper and lower pharyngeal dentition enlarged; two or more cups on all pharyngeal teeth; single tooth row on each jaw. Many species swim in an oblique head-down position. Most species are herbivores or detrivores. Maximum size 40 cm. CLOFFSCA: Family of large characiform fishes with maximum size to 80 cm SL. Mouth terminal or subinferior. Circumorbital bone series complete and with a supraorbital bone. Mandible relatively short; with a single tooth row on each of 3 or 4 teeth on each premaxillary and mandibular ramus, disposed as steps of a stair. Upper and lower pharyngeal dentition enlarged, with two or more cups on all pharyngeal teeth. Maxillary bone small and excluded from the mouth opening. Mouth small and very distant from the anterior orbital rim. Branchial opening small, membranes firmly joined to isthmus. Midlateral line complete and with 33 to 44 perforated scales. Adipose-fin always present; dorsal-fin I, 11 rays; anal-fin I,9 rays; pelvic-fin, I,8-9 rays;. Many species swim in an oblique head-down position. Most species are herbivores or detritivores. Species occurring in almost all South America, except east Andes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, ana = up + Greek, stoma = mouth
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | Anostomidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Anostomidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Anostomus anostomus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo anostomus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Mormyrynchus gronoveii Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Anostomus salmoneus Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Anostomus ucayalensis (Fowler, 1906)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Anostomus ternetzi Fernández-Yépez, 1949
acceptedseniororiginal1
Anostomus brevior Géry, 1961
acceptedseniororiginal1
Anostomus longus Géry, 1961
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Anostomoides atrianalis Pellegrin, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal1
Anostomoides laticeps (Eigenmann, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Schizodontopsis laticeps Eigenmann, 1912
synonymseniororiginal1
Laemolyta laticeps (Eigenmann, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Anostomoides passionis Santos & Zuanon, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus fasciatus (Bloch, 1794)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo fasciatus Bloch, 1794
synonymseniororiginal1
! Leporinus faciatus (Bloch, 1794)
synonymseniornew
Leporinus novemfasciatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus friderici (Bloch, 1794)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo friderici Bloch, 1794
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
! Leporinus frederici (Bloch, 1794)
synonymseniornew
Leporinus spilopleura (non Norman, 1926)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leporinus acutidens (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Curimatus acutidens Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal1
Leporinus friderici acutidens (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymseniornew
Leporinus obtusidens (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Curimatus obtusidens Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
Leporinus silvestrii Boulenger, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leporinus aguapeiensis Amaral Campos, 1945
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leporinus nigrotaeniatus (Jardine, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus maculatus Müller & Troschel, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus marcgravii (non Lütken, 1875)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leporinus elongatus Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leporinus leschenaulti Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus parae (non Eigenmann, 1908)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leporinus pachyurus Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus bimaculatus Castelnau, 1855
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Salmo tiririca Natterer, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus affinis Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus melanopleura Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus bahiensis Steindachner, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus conirostris Steindachner, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus copelandii Steindachner, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Leporinus copelandi Steindachner, 1875
synonymseniororiginal
Leporinus marcgravii Lütken, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus reinhardti Lütken, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus taeniatus Lütken, 1875
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus agassizii Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Leporinus agassizi Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Leporinus semivittatus Boulenger, 1895
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus nattereri Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus trifasciatus Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus muyscorum Steindachner, 1900
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus parae Eigenmann, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus steindachneri Eigenmann, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus affinis Steindachner, 1875
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Leporinus pellegrinii Steindachner, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Leporinus pellegrini Steindachner, 1910
synonymseniororiginal
Leporinus alternus Eigenmann, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus arcus Eigenmann, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus granti Eigenmann, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus badueli (non Puyo, 1948)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leporinus desmotes Fowler, 1914
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus octofasciatus Steindachner, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus ecuadorensis Eigenmann & Henn, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Leporinus ecuadoriensis Eigenmann & Henn, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
Leporinus y-ophorus Eigenmann, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Leporinus yophorus Eigenmann, 1922
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus jamesi Garman, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus tigrinus Borodin, 1929
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus pearsoni Fowler, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus wolfei Fowler, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus piau Fowler, 1941
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus moralesi Fowler, 1942
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus muelleri Steindachner, 1876
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Leporinus niceforoi Fowler, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus subniger Fowler, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus lacustris Amaral Campos, 1945
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus brunneus Myers, 1950
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus jatuncochi Ovchynnyk, 1971
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus amae Godoy, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus sexstriatus Britski & Garavello, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus aripuanaensis Garavello & dos Santos, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus aripuanaensis Garavello & dos Santos, 1992
synonymotheroriginal1
! Leporinus aripuanensis Garavello & dos Santos, 1992
synonymotheroriginal
Leporinus gomesi Garavello & Santos, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus gomesi Garavello & Santos, 1990
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus lebaili Géry & Planquette, 1983
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus amblyrhynchus Garavello & Britski, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus paranensis Garavello & Britski, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus boehlkei Garavello, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus macrocephalus Garavello & Britski, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus microphthalmus Garavello, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus nijsseni Garavello, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus gossei Géry, Planquette & Le Bail, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus trimaculatus Garavello & Santos, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus octomaculatus Britski & Garavello, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus reticulatus Britski & Garavello, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus pitingai Santos & Jégu, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus uatumaensis Santos & Jégu, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus bistriatus Britski, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus falcipinnis Mahnert, Géry & Muller, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus bleheri Géry, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus ortomaculatus Garavello, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus punctatus Garavello, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus vanzoi Britski & Garavello, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus amazonicus Santos & Zuanon, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus venerei Britski & Birindelli, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus geminis Garavello & Santos, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus guttatus Birindelli & Britski, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus unitaeniatus Garavello & Santos, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus apollo Sidlauskas, Mol & Vari, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leporinus britskii Feitosa, Dos Santos & Birindelli, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leporinus piavussu Britski, Birindelli & Garavello, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leporinus brinco Birindelli, Britski & Garavello, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leporinus melanopleurodes Birindelli, Britski & Garavello, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leporinus parvulus Birindelli, Britski & Lima, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Leporinus santosi Britski & Birindelli, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Schizodon fasciatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Schizodon fasciatum Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Piabuca schizodon Valenciennes, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
Schizodon vittatus (Valenciennes, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Piabuca vittata Valenciennes, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon succinctus Burmeister, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon knerii (Steindachner, 1875)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus knerii Steindachner, 1875
synonymseniororiginal1
Schizodon dissimilis (Garman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Schizodon platae (Garman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus platae Garman, 1890
synonymseniororiginal1
Schizodon borellii (Boulenger, 1900)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus borellii Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal1
! Schizodon borelli (Boulenger, 1900)
synonymseniornew
! Nanognathus borellii (non Boulenger, 1895)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Schizodon rostratus (Borodin, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus rostratus Borodin, 1931
synonymseniororiginal1
Schizodon corti Schultz, 1944
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal2
Piabuca schizodon (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Schizodon jacuiensis Bergmann, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon altoparanae Garavello & Britski, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon intermedius Garavello & Britski, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon australis Garavello, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal1
Schizodon scotorhabdotus Sidlauskas, Garavello & Jellen, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhytiodus elongatus (Steindachner, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus elongatus Steindachner, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Laemolyta taeniata (Kner, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Anostomus taeniatus (Kner, 1858)
synonymseniornew
! Anostomus taeniata (Kner, 1858)
synonymseniornew
Laemolyta orinocensis (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus orinocensis Steindachner, 1879
synonymseniororiginal1
Laemolyta nitens (Garman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Laemolyta proxima (Garman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus proximus Garman, 1890
synonymseniororiginal1
! Laemolyta proximus (Garman, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Laemolyta varia (Garman, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus varius Garman, 1890
synonymseniororiginal2
! Laemolyta varius (Garman, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Laemolyta fasciata Pearson, 1924
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Laemolyta garmani (Borodin, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus garmani Borodin, 1931
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Anostomus fernandezi (Myers, 1950)
synonymseniornew
Laemolyta petiti Géry, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal1
Anostomoides petiti (Géry, 1964)
synonymjuniornew
Laemolyta macra Géry, 1974
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal2
Leporellus pictus (Kner, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus pictus Kner, 1858
synonymseniororiginal1
Leporellus cartledgei (non Fowler, 1941)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leporellus vittatus (Valenciennes, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
Salmo cagoara Natterer, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinus maculifrons Lütken, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporellus timbore Eigenmann, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporinodus sexdentatus Eigenmann, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leporellus retropinnis (Eigenmann, 1922)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinodus retropinnis Eigenmann, 1922
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Abramites hypselonotus (Günther, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus hypselonotus Günther, 1868
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
! Leporinus salarii Holmberg, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal
Leporinus solarii Holmberg, 1891
synonymjuniororiginal1
Abramites solarii (Holmberg, 1891)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Abramites ternetzi Norman, 1926
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Leporinus nigripinnis Meinken, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal1
Abramites eques (non Steindachner, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Abramites eques (Steindachner, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus eques Steindachner, 1878
synonymseniororiginal1
Gnathodolus bidens Myers, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hypomasticus mormyrops (Steindachner, 1875)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus mormyrops Steindachner, 1875
synonymseniororiginal1
! Leporinus morymyrops Steindachner, 1875
synonymseniororiginal
Hypomasticus megalepis (Günther, 1863)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus megalepis Günther, 1863
synonymseniororiginal1
Hypomasticus garmani (Borodin, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus garmani Borodin, 1929
synonymseniororiginal2
Hypomasticus thayeri (Borodin, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus thayeri Borodin, 1929
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Hypomasticus julii (Santos, Jégu & Lima, 1996)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus julii Santos, Jégu & Lima, 1996
synonymseniororiginal1
Hypomasticus lineomaculatus Birindelli, Peixoto, Wosiacki & Britski, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Synaptolaemus cingulatus Myers & Fernández-Yépez, 1950
acceptedseniororiginal2
Synaptolaemus latofasciatus (Steindachner, 1910)
acceptedseniornew
Leporinus latofasciatus Steindachner, 1910
synonymseniororiginal1
Sartor respectus Myers & Carvalho, 1959
acceptedseniororiginal1
Sartor elongatus Santos & Jégu, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Sartor tucuruiense Santos & Jégu, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Pseudanos gracilis (Kner, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Anostomus gracilis (Kner, 1858)
synonymseniornew
Pseudanos irinae Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudanos winterbottomi Sidlauskas & Santos, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pseudanos varii Birindelli, Lima & Britski, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Petulanos plicatus (Eigenmann, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus plicatus Eigenmann, 1912
synonymseniororiginal1
Petulanos spiloclistron (Winterbottom, 1974)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus spiloclistron Winterbottom, 1974
synonymseniororiginal1
Petulanos intermedius (Winterbottom, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
Anostomus intermedius Winterbottom, 1980
synonymseniororiginal1
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