Family Ginglymostomatidae - Nurse sharks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 4 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Jurassic    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Marine, all oceans. Small to large sharks with nasoral grooves, short to long barbels, small spiracles behind eyes. Two spineless fins and an anal fin, the second dorsal origin well ahead of the anal origin. A short precaudal tail, much shorter than the head and the body. These are common, small to large, nocturnal, inshore bottom sharks with a circumglobal distribution in subtropical and tropical waters, in depths from the intertidal down to at least 70 m. These sharks cruise and clamber on the bottom with their mouths and barbels close to the substrate while searching for food. They use their short, small mouths and large mouth cavities as a bellows to suck in their prey. Food items: bony fish, crabs, shrimps, lobsters, squids, octopuses, corals, sea urchins, sea squirts. Young born fully developed.
  Etymology
:
Greek, gynglimos = hinge + Greek, stoma = mouth. 1657 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
sluggish
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Ginglymostomatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal2
! Ginglimostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
! Gyglinostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
Squalus punctulatus Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal2
Squalus punctatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Squalus argus Bancroft, 1832
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma caboverdianus de Brito Capello, 1867
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma unami Del Moral-Flores, Ramíz-Antonio, Angulo & Pérez-Ponce de León, 2015
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma cirratum (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliednew
Nebrius ferrugineus (Lesson, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Ginglymostoma ferruginaea (Lesson, 1831)
Synonymseniornew
Nebrius concolor Rüppell, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma concolor (Rüppell, 1837)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma muelleri Günther, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scymnus porosus Ehrenberg, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nebrodes macrurus Garman, 1913
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nebrius macrurus (Garman, 1913)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nebrius doldi Smith, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Ginglymostoma cirratum (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliednew
php script by celloran, 04/03/10, last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12