Family Anguillidae - Freshwater eels
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 23 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary   upper   Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Usually catadromous fishes in tropical and temperate waters, except eastern Pacific and south Atlantic. Eellike body with minute or embedded scales. Well developed pectorals but no pelvic fins; dorsal and caudal fin confluent with anal fin. All species are important food fishes and are sold fresh, smoked, or canned. Important aquaculture species based on captured juveniles (elvers); widely introduced. All spend their juvenile and adult life in freshwater, returning to the ocean to spawn and die. The leptocephalus larvae are marine with sharply pointed tail which distinguishes the family from the elopids. There is some doubt as to the validity of some of the fifteen species currently recognized.
  Etymology
:
Latin, anguilla, ae = eel ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Elopocephalai | Elopocephala | Elopomorpha | Anguilliformes | Anguillidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Anguillidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Anguilla fluviatilis Heckel & Kner, 1858
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
! Angill angill (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Anguilla anguillai (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Anguilla anguillia (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Anguilla vulgaris marina Rafinesque, 1810
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Anguilla vulgaris Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla fluviatilis Anslijn, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena platyrhina Ekström, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal1
Muraena oxyrhina Ekström, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal
ambiguousotherchange in rank
ambiguousotherchange in species
Anguilla var. ornithorincha De la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousotheroriginal2
ambiguousotherchange in rank
ambiguousotherchange in species
Anguilla var. platyura De la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Anguilla vulgaris platyura De la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousotherchange in rank
Anguilla var. oxycephala De la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Anguilla anguilla oxycephala De la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousotherchange in species
Anguilla canariensis Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla cloacina Bonaparte, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla septembrina Bonaparte, 1846
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Anguilla nilotica Heckel, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Anguilla migratoria Krøyer, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Anguilla marina (Nardo, 1847)
ambiguousothernew
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla callensis Guichenot, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla ancidda Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla morena Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla kieneri Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla cuvieri Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla bibroni Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Anguilla eurystoma Heckel & Kner, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla hibernica Couch, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla oblongirostris Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena anguilla maculata Chiereghini, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal
Anguilla brevirostris Cisternas, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla linnei Malm, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Muraena rostrata Lesueur, 1817
synonymseniororiginal2
Muraena argentea Lesueur, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena macrocephala Lesueur, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena serpentina Lesueur, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena bostoniensis Lesueur, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla blephura Rafinesque, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla chrisypa Rafinesque, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla laticanda Rafinesque, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla laticauda Rafinesque, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
Anguilla aterrima Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla lutea Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla xanthomelas Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla cubana Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla macrops Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla texana Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla tyrannus Girard, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leptocephalus grassii Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Anguilla marmolata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal
Anguilla mauritiana Bennett, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena manillensis Bleeker, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla johannae Günther, 1867
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena mossambica (non Peters, 1852)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla arracana McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla variegata McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla anguilla (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla marmorata (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla mauritiana (non Bennett, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
! Angguilla australis Richardson, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal5
Muraena australis (Richardson, 1841)
synonymseniornew
! Anguilla austrata Richardson, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal5
Anguilla bicolor bicolor McClelland, 1844
acceptedseniorchange in rank
! Anguilla bicolour bicolour McClelland, 1844
synonymseniorchange in rank
Anguilla moa Bleeker, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal5
Muraena moa (Bleeker, 1849)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla mowa Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal5
Muraena virescens Peters, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla virescens (Peters, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
Anguilla cantori Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla amblodon Günther, 1867
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla spengeli Weber, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla pacifica Schmidt, 1928
synonymseniororiginal5
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Anguilla mauritiana (non Bennett, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla australis (non Richardson, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Muraena mossambica (non Peters, 1852)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla malgumora (non Kaup, 1856)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla nebulosa McClelland, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Muraena maculata (non Lacepède, 1800)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla bengalensis (non Gray, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla remifera Jordan & Evermann, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla nigricans Chu & Wu, 1984
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anguilla labiata (Peters, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
Muraena labiata Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal5
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
Anguilla macrophthalma (Peters, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
! Muraena macrophthalma Peters, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal
Anguilla mauritiana (non Bennet, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla bengalensis (non Gray, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla nebulosa (non McClelland, 1844)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Muraena mossambica (non Peters, 1852)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla mossambica (Peters, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
Muraena mossambica Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Anguilla delalandii Kaup, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Anguilla celebensis Kaup, 1856
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla celebesensis (non Kaup, 1856)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Anguilla borneensis (non Popta, 1924)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Anguilla reinhardti Steindachner, 1867
synonymseniororiginal
Anguilla obscura Günther, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Anguilla schmidtii Phillipps, 1925
synonymseniororiginal5
! Anguilla australis schmidti Phillipps, 1925
synonymseniorchange in rank
Anguilla interioris Whitley, 1938
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla breviceps Chu & Jin, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla luzonensis Watanabe, Aoyama & Tsukamoto, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anguilla huangi Teng, Lin & Tzeng, 2009
synonymjuniororiginal2
Neoanguilla nepalensis Shrestha, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
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