Family Osphronemidae - Gouramies
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 14 | Species : 132 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Since FoW3 (Nelson 1994; Ref. 7463), with one genus Osphronemus and 3 spp., the content of the family has changed: - It includes its Belontidae with 3 subfamilies. - In addition, the Family Luciocephalidae has been merged with the subfamily Belontidae: Trichogastrinae to form the subfamily Osphronemidae: Luciocephalinae (Britz et al., 1995: Ref. 37504; Britz, 2001: CAS_Ref_No 25717). In CoF2005 (Eschmeyer, 2005; Ref. 54621), which is followed, and since CoF 2004 (Eschmeyer, 2004; Ref. 50838), the family has 4 subfamilies: Osphroneminae (giant gouramies) Belontiinae (combtail gouramies) Macropodinae (Siamese fighting fishes, paradisefishes) Luciocephalinae (gouramies and pikehead) The following definition needs to be reviewed. Distribution: Pakistan and India to Malay Archipelago and Korea. Teeth absent on prevomer and palatine. Protractile upper jaw. Lateral line single, complete and continuous in Osphroneminae; vestigial in other subfamilies, when present. Maximum dorsal soft rays 10; in Osphroneminae dorsal fin spines 11-13; soft rays 11-13, anal fin spines 9-12; soft rays 16-22, all scales ctenoid, about 80 cm maximum length. Pelvic fins with an elongate ray in many species. Some species are oral brooders and others build bubble nests. Other family name = Polyacanthidae (Ref. 7463). CoF 2003 (Eschmeyer, 2003: Ref. 46206) Four subfamilies: Osphroneminae, Belontiinae, Macropodinae and Trichogastrinae. FoW3 (Nelson, 1994: Ref. 7463); CoF 2002 (Eschmeyer, 2002; Ref. 36739). Family Belontiidae containing the 3 latter subfamilies above.
  Etymology
:
Greek, osphra, -as = smell + Greek, nema = filament ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers and guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Anabantomorpharia | Anabantiformes | Anabantoidei | Osphronemidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Osphronemidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Osphroneminae
Osphronemus goramy Lacepède, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal2
Trichopus goramy (Lacepède, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Osphromenus gourami Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Osphronemus gorami Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Osphronemus gourami Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Osphronemus gouramy Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Trichopodus mentum Lacepède, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichopode mentonnier Lacepède, 1801
synonymotheroriginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Osphromenus satyrus (Shaw, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Osphromenus olfax Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Osphromenus notatus Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Osphronemus goramy (non Lacepède, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Osphronemus exodon Roberts, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Osphronemus gouramy (non Lacepède, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belontiinae
Belontia hasselti (Cuvier, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Polyacanthus hasselti (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymseniornew
Belontia signata (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Polyacanthus signatus Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal2
Macropodus signatus (Günther, 1861)
synonymseniornew
Luciocephalinae
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Luciocephalus aura Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Trichogaster fasciata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal
! Trichogaster fasciatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Colisa fasciata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Colisa fasciatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Polyacanthus fasciatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Colisha fasciatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Trichopodus colisa Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichopodus bejeus Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichopodus cotra Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Colisa vulgaris Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Colisa ponticeriana Valenciennes, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichogaster chuna (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Trichopodus chuna Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal2
Colisa chuna (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Trichopodus sota Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Colisa sota (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymjuniornew
Polyacanthus sota (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymjuniornew
Trichogaster lalius (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Trichopodus lalius Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal2
Colisa lalius (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Polyacanthus lalius (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Colisa lalia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Colisha lalius (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Colisa unicolor Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichogaster microlepis (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Osphromenus microlepis Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal2
Trichopodus microlepis (Günther, 1861)
synonymseniornew
Trichopus parvipinnis Sauvage, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Colisa labiosa (Day, 1877)
synonymseniornew
Colisa labiosus (Day, 1877)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Labrus trichopterus Pallas, 1770
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Trichopus trichopterus (Pallas, 1770)
synonymseniornew
! Labrvs trichoptervs Pallas, 1770
synonymseniororiginal
Trichopus sepat Bleeker, 1845
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Osphromenus siamensis Günther, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nemaphoerus maculosus Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1879
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichopodus leerii (Bleeker, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
Trichopus leerii Bleeker, 1852
synonymseniororiginal2
Trichogaster leerii (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
! Trichogaster leeri (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
! Trichogaster leerri (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
! Trichopodus leeri (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
Trichopodus cantoris (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Ctenops nobilis McClelland, 1845
acceptedseniororiginal2
Osphronemus nobilis (McClelland, 1845)
synonymseniornew
! Osphromenus nobilis (McClelland, 1845)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Sphaerichthys osphronemoides Canestrini, 1860
synonymseniororiginal
Sphaerichthys vaillanti Pellegrin, 1930
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Parasphaerichthys ocellatus Prashad & Mukerji, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parasphaerichthys lineatus Britz & Kottelat, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodusinae
Macropodus opercularis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus opercularis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Macropodus chinensis (Bloch, 1790)
synonymjuniornew
Macropodus viridiauratus Lacepède, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Macropodus venustus Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polyacanthus paludosus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polyacanthus opercularis (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chaetodon chinensis (non Bloch, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Macropodus chinensis (non Bloch, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polyacanthus chinensis (non Bloch, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Macropodus spechti Schreitmüller, 1936
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Macropodus opercularis spechti Schreitmüller, 1936
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Macropodus erythropterus Freyhof & Herder, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodus hongkongensis Freyhof & Herder, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodus concolor (non Ahl, 1937)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Macropodus baviensis Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodus lineatus Nguyen, Ngo & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodus oligolepis Nguyen, Ngo & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Macropodus phongnhaensis Ngô, Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta picta (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Panchax pictum Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal2
Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
Betta pugnax (Cantor, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
Macropodus pugnax Cantor, 1849
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Betta brederi Myers, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal2
Betta picta (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta trifasciata (non Bleeker, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta anabatoides (non Bleeker, 1851)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta rubra (non Perugia, 1893)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta fusca (non Regan, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta taeniata (non Regan, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta anabatoides Bleeker, 1851
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Betta anabantoides Bleeker, 1851
synonymseniororiginal
Betta bellica Sauvage, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta fasciata Regan, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal2
Betta rubra Perugia, 1893
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta unimaculata (Popta, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Betta ocellata (non de Beaufort, 1933)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta akarensis Regan, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta climacura Vierke, 1988
synonymjuniororiginal2
Betta fusca Regan, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta macrostoma Regan, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta splendens Regan, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta taeniata Regan, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta patoti Weber & de Beaufort, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta ocellata de Beaufort, 1933
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta balunga Herre, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta smaragdina Ladiges, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta imbellis Ladiges, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta coccina Vierke, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta foerschi Vierke, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta edithae Vierke, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta tussyae Schaller, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta persephone Schaller, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta waseri Krummenacher, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta macrophthalma (non Regan, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta dimidiata Roberts, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta strohi Schaller & Kottelat, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta rutilans Witte & Kottelat, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta brownorum Witte & Schmidt, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta coccina (non Vierke, 1979)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta livida Ng & Kottelat, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta chini Ng, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta albimarginata Kottelat & Ng, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta burdigala Kottelat & Ng, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta channoides Kottelat & Ng, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta chloropharynx Kottelat & Ng, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta hipposideros Ng & Kottelat, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta miniopinna Tan & Tan, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta prima Kottelat, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta schalleri Kottelat & Ng, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta simplex Kottelat, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta spilotogena Ng & Kottelat, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta tomi Ng & Kottelat, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta enisae Kottelat, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pulchra Tan & Tan, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta simorum Tan & Ng, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta breviobesus Tan & Kottelat, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta falx Tan & Kottelat, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pi Tan, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pinguis Tan & Kottelat, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta renata Tan, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta aurigans Tan & Lim, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta ibanorum Tan & Ng, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pallida Schindler & Schmidt, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta cracens Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta gladiator Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta lehi Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta obscura Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pallifina Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta raja Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta stigmosa Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Betta stigmosus Tan & Ng, 2005
ambiguousotheroriginal
Betta stiktos Tan & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta antoni Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta apollon Schindler & Schmidt, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta pugnax (non Cantor, 1849)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Betta compuncta Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta ferox Schindler & Schmidt, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta ideii Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta krataios Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta mandor Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta uberis Tan & Ng, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta kuehnei Schindler & Schmidt, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta midas Tan, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta mahachaiensis Kowasupat, Panijpan, Ruenwongsa & Sriwattanarothai, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta siamorientalis Kowasupat, Panijpan, Ruenwongsa & Jeenthong, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Betta hendra Schindler & Linke, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Trichopsis vittata (Cuvier, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Ctenops vittatus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Trichopsis vittatus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymseniornew
Trichopsis pumila (Arnold, 1936)
acceptedseniornew
! Trichopsis pumilus (Arnold, 1933)
synonymseniornew
Ctenops pumilus Arnold, 1936
synonymseniororiginal2
! Trichopsis pumilis (Arnold, 1936)
synonymseniornew
Trichopsis schalleri Ladiges, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus deissneri (Bleeker, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
Osphromenus deissneri Bleeker, 1859
synonymseniororiginal2
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Parosphromenus sumatranus Klausewitz, 1955
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus nagyi Schaller, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Parosphromenus alleni Brown, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus linkei Kottelat, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus parvulus (non Vierke, 1979)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parosphromenus bintan Kottelat & Ng, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus alfredi Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus opallios Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus pahuensis Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus quindecim Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus rubrimontis Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus tweediei Kottelat & Ng, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus gunawani Schindler & Linke, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parosphromenus phoenicurus Schindler & Linke, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Macropodus cupanus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Psedosphronemus cupanus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Pseudosphromenus dayi (Köhler, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Macropodus cupanus dayi (Köhler, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Macropodus dayi (Köhler, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Parosphromenus dayi (Köhler, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Polyacanthus dayi (Köhler, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Malpulutta kretseri Deraniyagala, 1937
acceptedseniororiginal2
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