Family Osteoglossidae - Arowanas
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 9 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Arowanas are tropical freshwater fishes. Five species occurring in the Neotropical region (2), Southeast Asia (1), Australia and New Guinea (2). Osteoglossids are similar in appearance to arapaimatids and were, until recently, considered to be part of one family. Both families have elongate, slender bodies with large scales. Osteoglossids differ in a number of characters, the most obvious are the presence of barbels at the symphasis of the lower jaw, a highly compressed abdomen (versus nearly cylindrical), and a huge mouth with a markedly oblique gape (Ref. 50892). Pelvic fins well behind base of pectoral fins. Most with very large scales. Some with suprabranchial organ and capable of air-breathing. Vertebrae 60-100. Most are omnivores or carnivores inhabiting quiet waters. Arowanas are commonly exhibited in public aquaria and is a popular aquarium fish in Asia (Ref. 7463). Exhibit mouthbrooding. Eggs measure 10-18 mm. Adults posses only the left ovary, the right being absent (Ref. 94267).
  Etymology
:
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers and guarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Osteoglossocephala | Osteoglossomorpha | Osteoglossiformes | Osteoglossidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Osteoglossidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Osteoglossum bicirrhostum (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Osteoglossum vandelli Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Osteoglossum bicirrhosum Spix & Agassiz, 1829
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Osteoglossum arowana Jardine, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Osteoglossum minus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal1
Osteoglossum ferreirai Kanazawa, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Osteoglossum ferrerai Kanazawa, 1966
synonymseniororiginal
Scleropages leichardti Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Scleropages leichardtii Günther, 1864
synonymseniororiginal
! Scleropages leichhardti Günther, 1864
synonymseniororiginal
Osteoglossum guntheri Castelnau, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal1
Scleropages formosus (Müller & Schlegel, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Osteoglossum formosum Müller & Schlegel, 1844
synonymseniororiginal1
Scleropages jardinii (Saville-Kent, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
Osteoglossum jardinii Saville-Kent, 1892
synonymseniororiginal1
! Scleropages jardini (Saville-Kent, 1892)
synonymseniornew
Scleropages aureus Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal4
Scleropages legendrei Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal4
Scleropages macrocephalus Pouyaud, Sudarto & Teugels, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal4
acceptedseniororiginal1
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