Family Uranoscopidae - Stargazers
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 8 | Species : 53 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Scaleless or with small smooth scales. Large cuboidal head. Mouth strongly oblique, with fringed lips. Eyes dorsally located or nearly dorsal. Lateral line high. Pelvic fins jugular and very close to each other. One spine in pelvic fin; soft rays 5. Dorsal fin moderately long; many without spinous dorsal. Anal fin moderately long. Some species use a small vermiform filament originating from floor of mouth for attracting prey fish. Two large poison spines, with double-grooves and a poison gland basally, located behind opercle and above pectorals. Vertebrae 24-26. The genus Astroscopus with internal nostrils for inhalation and electric organs. Feed on benthic fishes and invertebrates. Reproduction unknown but assumed to be nonguarders (RF).
  Etymology
:
Greek, ourannos = sky + Greek, skopein = to watch ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Uranoscopiformes | Uranoscopidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Uranoscopidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Uranoscopus bufo Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus affinis Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus sulphureus Valenciennes, 1832
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Uranoscopus sulphurus Valenciennes, 1832
synonymseniororiginal
Uranoscopus bicinctus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Uranoscopus cognathus Cantor, 1849
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus kaianus Günther, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus chinensis Guichenot, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus flavipinnis Kishimoto, 1987
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Uranoscopus tosae (Jordan & Hubbs, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
Zalescopus tosae Jordan & Hubbs, 1925
synonymseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus oligolepis (non Bleeker, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Uranoscopus polli Cadenat, 1951
acceptedseniororiginal1
Uranoscopus scaber (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ichthyscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Uranoscopus lebeck Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Ichthyscopus lebeck lebeck (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Ichthyoscopus lebeck (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Uranoscopus inermis Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ichthyscopus malacopterus (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Uranoscopus malacopterus Anonymous [Bennett], 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Ichthyscopus sannio Whitley, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ichthyscopus nigripinnis Gomon & Johnson, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gnathagnus armatus (Kaup, 1858)
synonymseniornew
Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Uranoscopus elongatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal1
Gnathagnus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Gnathagnus elongatus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Xenocephalus elongatus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Ariscopus iburius Jordan & Snyder, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Xenocephalus egregius (Jordan & Thompson, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
Execestides egregius Jordan & Thompson, 1905
synonymseniororiginal1
Gnathagnus egregius (Jordan & Thompson, 1905)
synonymseniornew
Xenocephalus australiensis (Kishimoto, 1989)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Xenocephalus cribratus (Kishimoto, 1989)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathagnus cribratus Kishimoto, 1989
synonymseniororiginal1
Astroscopus y-graecum (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Astroscopus sexspinosus (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Uranoscopus sexspinosus Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal1
Astroscopus zephyreus Gilbert & Starks, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma laeve (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Uranoscopus laevis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma laeve (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Kathetostoma averruncus Jordan & Bollman, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Kathetostoma nigrofasciatum Waite & McCulloch, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma cubana Barbour, 1941
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma canaster Gomon & Last, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Kathetostoma binigrasella Gomon & Roberts, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kathetostoma laeve (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Kathetostoma giganteum (non Haast, 1873)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Genyagnus monopterygius (Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Selenoscopus turbisquamatus Okamura & Kishimoto, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal1
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