Family Scaridae - Parrotfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 10 | Species : 100 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Chiefly tropical. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Jaw teeth fused or parrotlike. Spines in dorsal fin 9; soft rays 10. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 9. One spine in pelvic; soft rays 5. Caudal fin with 11 branched rays. Scales large; cycloid. Lateral line with usually 22-24 scales. Vertebrae 25. Herbivorous, usually scraping algae from dead coral substrates. Bits of rock eaten with the algae are crushed into sand and ground with the algae to aid in digestion, making parrotfish some of the most important producers of sand on coral reefs. At night, some species rest enveloped in their mucoid secretion. Sex change seems a common occurrence, with an initial phase (IP) of both males and females, and the latter changing into a brilliantly colored male terminal phase (TP). Terminal males dominate several females; pelagic spawners. Many species could be identified by their live coloration but this may be lost in preservation, or can vary between juveniles and adults and with sex change. Important food fishes. Difficult to maintain in aquaria as the fused teeth need to constantly graze dead coral rock in order to keep from growing too long.
  Etymology
:
Latin, sacrus = a fish described by ancient writers; 1601. Derived from Greek, skairo = to jump; due to the legendary jumps and tail bumps, very well known by ancient fishers ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Labriformes | Scaridae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Scaridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Scarinae
Scarus psittacus Forsskål, 1775
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus venosus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xanothon venosus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus hertit Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus forsteri Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon forsteri (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus taeniurus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus balinensis Bleeker, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus bataviensis Bleeker, 1857
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon bataviensis (Bleeker, 1857)
synonymjuniornew
Xanothon bataviensis (Bleeker, 1857)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudocarus oktodon Bleeker, 1861
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Scarus oktodon (Bleeker, 1861)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Xanothon oktodon (Bleeker, 1861)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Pseudoscarus forskalii Klunzinger, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus forskalii (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudoscarus filholi Sauvage, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus labiosus Macleay, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus gilberti Jenkins, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus brunneus Jenkins, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus jenkinsi Jordan & Evermann, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon erythacus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus galena Jordan, 1925
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xanothon carifanus Smith, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xanothon parvidens Smith, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus coeruleus (Edwards, 1771)
acceptedseniornew
Coryphaena coerulea Edwards, 1771
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Scarus coeruleus (Bloch, 1786)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Scarus coerulus (Bloch, 1786)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Scarus loro Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calliodon gibbosus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus trilobatus Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparus holocyaneos Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus obtusus Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus nuchalis Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål, 1775
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus aeruginosus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus caerulescens Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Scarus coerulescens Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudoscarus augustinus Kossmann & Räuber, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus marshalli Schultz, 1958
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon ghobban (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Scarus ghoban Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus maculosus Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus pepo Bennett, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus reticulata Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemistoma reticulata (Swainson, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus lacerta Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus scabriusculus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus magrathii Bennett, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus pyrrostethus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus haridoides Bleeker, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus cantori Bleeker, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus nudirostris Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus noyesi Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus garretti Günther, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus azureus Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus toshi Whitley, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus fehlmanni Schultz, 1969
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus niger Forsskål, 1775
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon niger (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Scarus nigar Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus chadri Lacepède, 1802
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Scarus nuchipunctatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon nuchipunctatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus limbatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus makaravar Montrouzier, 1857
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon madagascariensis (Steindachner, 1887)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon maoricus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon lineolabiatus Fowler & Bean, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus lineolabiatus (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus iseri (Bloch, 1789)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon iseri Bloch, 1789
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus iserti (Bloch, 1789)
synonymseniornew
Scarus croicensis Bloch, 1790
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calliodon lineatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus insulaesanctaecrucis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus alternans Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus punctulatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus diadema Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus flavomarginatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus aracanga Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon margarita Fowler, 1917
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus vetula Bloch & Schneider, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus frenatus Lacepède, 1802
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon frenatus (Lacepède, 1802)
synonymseniornew
Scarus sexvittatus Rüppell, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon sexvittatus (Rüppell, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon upolensis Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon vermiculatus Fowler & Bean, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus vermiculatus (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus randalli Schultz, 1958
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus dubius Bennett, 1828
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon dubius (Bennett, 1828)
synonymseniornew
! Scarius dubius Bennett, 1828
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus formosus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus bennetti Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon bennetti (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus lauia Jordan & Evermann, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon lauia (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus guacamaia Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus turchesius Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus pleianus Poey, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus taeniopterus Lesson, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal1
Scarus collana Rüppell, 1835
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus collaris Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus ismailius Kossmann & Räuber, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus ghardaqensis Bebars, 1978
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus coelestinus Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Scarus coelastinus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus rostratus Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus festivus Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon lunula Snyder, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus lunula (Snyder, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon verweyi de Beaufort, 1940
synonymjuniororiginal2
Margaritodon verweyi (de Beaufort, 1940)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus globiceps Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon globiceps (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
! Scarus qlobiceps Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus lepidus Jenyns, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon lepidus (Jenyns, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudoscarus fuscus De Vis, 1885
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus pronus Fowler, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus ferrugineus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Callyodon dubius (non Bennett, 1828)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Callyodon dobius (non Bennett, 1828)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus aeruginosus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus oviceps Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus pectoralis (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus prasiognathos Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Scarus prasiognathus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Scarus chlorodon Jenyns, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus singaporensis Bleeker, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon singaporensis (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Scarus janthochir Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon janthochir (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudoscarus janthochir (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Callyodon janthocir (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus quoyi Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus rivulatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Scarus fasciatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus arcuatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus rivulatoides Bleeker, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus micrognathos Bleeker, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus russelii Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Scarus russelli Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Xanothon fowleri Smith, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus venosus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xanothon venosus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xanothon pentazona (non Bleeker, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus scaber Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon scaber (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Scarus pectoralis Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon pectoralis (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon oviceps (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Callyodon lazulinus (non Jordan & Seale, 1906)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal2
Sparisoma trispinosus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Scarus coeruleus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus vetula (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus coelestinus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus ovifrons Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon rubroviolaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Scarops rubroviolaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymseniornew
! Callyodon rubrovidaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Pseudoscarus jordani Jenkins, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon jordani (Jenkins, 1901)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus jordani (Jenkins, 1901)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon ruberrimus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Scarus chlorodon (non Jenyns, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus tricolor Bleeker, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon tricolor (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Scarus cyanognathos Bleeker, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Callyodon cyanognathus (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymjuniornew
! Scarus cyanognathus Bleeker, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal
Callyodon elerae Jordan & Seale, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon latifasciatus Seale & Bean, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon viridibusius Fowler & Bean, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon mus Smith, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon urbanus Smith, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon pectoralis (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Callyodon lepidus (non Jenyns, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus lepidus (non Jenyns, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus hypselopterus Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus javanicus Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon javanicus (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus moensi Bleeker, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon ogos Seale, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus xanthopleura Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal2
Callyodon xanthopleura (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymseniornew
Scarus atropectoralis Schultz, 1958
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus caudofasciatus (non Günther, 1862)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus dimidiatus Bleeker, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus dimidiatus (Bleeker, 1859)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon fumifrons Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon zonularis Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Scarus forsteni (Bleeker, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus forsteni Bleeker, 1861
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon forsteni (Bleeker, 1861)
synonymseniornew
! Scarus forsteri (Bleeker, 1861)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon laxtoni Whitley, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus lepidus (non Jenyns, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus tricolor (non Randall & Choat, 1980)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus schlegeli (Bleeker, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus caudofasciatus (Günther, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus rubrofasciatus (Smith, 1956)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus chinensis (Steindachner, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus chinensis Steindachner, 1867
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus falcipinnis (Playfair, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon falcipinnis (Playfair, 1868)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon pindae Smith, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus spinus (Kner, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon kelloggii Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Callyodon kelloggi Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Scarus gracilis (Steindachner, 1869)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus gracilis Steindachner, 1869
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus fuscopurpureus (Klunzinger, 1871)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus altipinnis Steindachner, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon waitei Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus brevifilis (Günther, 1909)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus chlorodon (non Jenyns, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus hoefleri (Steindachner, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus hoefleri Steindachner, 1881
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon hoefleri (Steindachneri, 1881)
synonymseniornew
Pseudoscarus guacamaia (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus perrico Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus arabicus (Steindachner, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoscarus arabicus Steindachner, 1902
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus compressus (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon compressus Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus viridifucatus (Smith, 1956)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Scarus viridifurcatus (Smith, 1956)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus koputea Randall & Choat, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus longipinnis Randall & Choat, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus persicus Randall & Bruce, 1983
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus chameleon Choat & Randall, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus lunula (non Snyder, 1908)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus obishime Randall & Earle, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus zufar Randall & Hoover, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus fuscocaudalis Randall & Myers, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus sp. nov. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus zelindae Moura, Figueiredo & Sazima, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Scarus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Scarus iserti (non Bloch, 1789)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus croicensis (non Bloch, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus taeniopterus (non Desmarest, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus maculipinna Westneat, Satapoomin & Randall, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlorurus gibbus (Rüppell, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus gibbus Rüppell, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
! Chlorurus gibbosus (Rüppell, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Chlorurus microrhinos (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus strongylocephalus (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus microrhinos (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus strongylocephalus (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Callyodon microcheilus (non Bleeker, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus microcheilos (non Bleeker, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus sordidus Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon sordidus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Scarus erythrodon Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon erythrodon (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Xanothon erythrodon (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus variegatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus nigricans Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus purpureus Valenciennes, 1840
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Scarus sumbawensis Bleeker, 1848
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Scarus gymnognathos Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus celebicus Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon margaritus (Cartier, 1874)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus margaritus (Cartier, 1874)
synonymjuniornew
Xanothon margaritus (Cartier, 1874)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudoscarus goldiei Macleay, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon cyanogrammus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xanothon bipallidus (Smith, 1956)
synonymjuniornew
Chlorurus japanensis (Bloch, 1789)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus japanensis Bloch, 1789
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon japanensis (Bloch, 1789)
synonymseniornew
! Chlorurus japonensis (Bloch, 1789)
synonymseniornew
Scarus viridis Bloch, 1790
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Scarus blochii Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Callyodon blochi (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon abacurus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon pyrrhurus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chlorurus pyrrhurus (Jordan & Seale, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus pyrrhurus (Jordan & Seale, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus capistratoides (non Bleeker, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xanothon capistratoides (non Bleeker, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus enneacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus enneacanthus Lacepède, 1802
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon enneacanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
synonymseniornew
Scarus capitaneus Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon capitaneus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
Xanothon capitaneus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
Chlorurus cyanescens (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus cyanescens Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
! Scarus cyanascens Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xanothon chloromelas (Günther, 1867)
synonymjuniornew
Chlorurus frontalis (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus frontalis Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Chlorurus spilurus (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus spilurus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Chlorurus capistratoides (Bleeker, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus capistratoides Bleeker, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Xanothon capistratoides (Bleeker, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Chlorurus troschelii (Bleeker, 1853)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus troschelii Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal2
Pseudoscarus troscheli (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Scarus rhoduropterus (Bleeker, 1861)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Xanothon rhoduropterus (Bleeker, 1861)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Chlorurus microrhinos (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus microrhinos Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon microrhinus (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Pseudoscarus microrhinos (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon ultramarinus Jordan & Seale, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chlorurus gibbus (non Rüppell, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus gibbus (non Rüppell, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus strongylocephalus (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Scarus gibbus (non Rüppell, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus microrhinos (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus perspicillatus (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus perspicillatus Steindachner, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus ahula Jenkins, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chlorurus bowersi (Snyder, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon bowersi Snyder, 1909
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus bowersi (Snyder, 1909)
synonymseniornew
Chlorurus oedema (Snyder, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon oedema Snyder, 1909
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus oedema (Snyder, 1909)
synonymseniornew
! Chlorurus oedemus (Snyder, 1909)
synonymseniornew
Chlorurus bleekeri (de Beaufort, 1940)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon bleekeri de Beaufort, 1940
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus bleekeri (de Beaufort, 1940)
synonymseniornew
Pseudoscarus quoyi (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus quoyi (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus troschelii (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus atrilunula (Randall & Bruce, 1983)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus atrilunula Randall & Bruce, 1983
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon capistratoides (non Bleeker, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xanothon capistratoides (non Bleeker, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlorurus genazonatus (Randall & Bruce, 1983)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus genazonatus Randall & Bruce, 1983
synonymseniororiginal2
Chlorurus rhakoura Randall & Anderson, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Bolbometopon muricatum (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus muricatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Bolbometopon muricatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon muricatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
! Bolbomatopon muricatum (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
! Bolbometopon muricantum (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
! Bulbometopon muricatum (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Cetoscarus bicolor (Rüppell, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus bicolor Rüppell, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
Bolbometopon bicolor (Rüppell, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Chlorurus bicolor (Rüppell, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Cetoscarus bicolour (Rüppell, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Scarus pulchellus Rüppell, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon pulchellus (Rüppell, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
Cetoscarus pulchellus (Rüppell, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
Chlorurus pulchellus (Rüppell, 1835)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cetoscarus ocellatus (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus ocellatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus harid Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon harid (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Scarus cyanurus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hipposcarus longiceps (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus longiceps Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparisomatinae
Sparisoma cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus cretensis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Euscarus cretensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Scarus cretensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparidosoma cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparisoma cretensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Scarus cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Scarus mutabilis Lowe, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus canariensis Valenciennes, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus rubiginosus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calliodon rubiginosus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus siculus Cocco, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus rubiginoides Guichenot, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma flavescens (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus viridis Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal2
! Sparisoma albigaardi (Bloch, 1791)
ambiguousothernew
Scarus frondosus (non Agassiz, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus chrysopterus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
! Sparisoma chrysopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Sparus abildgaardi Bloch, 1791
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma abildgaardi (Bloch, 1791)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus flavescens Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma flavescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus squalidus Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma squalidum (Poey, 1860)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma brachiale (Poey, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Sparisoma frondosum (Agassiz, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus frondosus Agassiz, 1831
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparisoma chrysopterum (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus aurofrenatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Sparisoma radians (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus radians Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Sparisoma rubripinne (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus rubripinnis Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
! Sparisoma rubripinnis (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Scarus truncatus Poey, 1868
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma rhomaleum Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus brachyvarius Longley, 1941
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparisoma flavescens (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scarus spinidens (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus amplus Ranzani, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparisoma viride (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma abildgaardi (non Bloch, 1791)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma atomarium (Poey, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus atomarius Poey, 1861
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparisoma strigatum (Günther, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus strigatus Günther, 1862
synonymseniororiginal2
Escarus strigatus (Günther, 1862)
synonymseniornew
Sparisoma strigatus (Günther, 1862)
synonymseniornew
Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus axillaris Steindachner, 1878
synonymseniororiginal2
Scarus spinidens Guichenot, 1865
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Sparisoma flavescens (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma rubripinne (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma distinctum (non Poey, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma griseorubrum Cervigón, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal
! Sparisoma griseorubra Cervigón, 1982
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparisoma tuiupiranga Gasparini, Joyeux & Floeter, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Sparisoma rocha Pinheiro, Gasparini & Sazima, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Sparisoma sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Sparisoma frondosum (non Agassiz, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparisoma choati Rocha, Brito & Robertson, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Sparisoma flavescens (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparisoma rubripinne (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparisoma rubripinnis (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliednew
Scarus squalidus (non Poey, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Leptoscarus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal2
! Leptoscarus vaigeinsis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Leptoscarus vaigensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Leptoscarus vaigienis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
! Scarus caeruleo-punctatus Rüppell, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal
Scarus naevius Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus auritus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarichthys auritus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Scarus rubronotatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scarus bottae Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Calliodon chlorolepsis Richardson, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Calotomus carolinus (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon carolinus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon sandwicensis Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calotomus sandwicensis (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
! Calotomus sandvicensis (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Callyodon genistriatus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon brachysoma Bleeker, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leptoscarus brachysoma (Bleeker, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Calotomus xenodon Gilbert, 1890
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calotomus irradians Jenkins, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calotomus snyderi Jenkins, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cryptotomus albimarginatus Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1961
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calotomus spinidens (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cryptotomus spinidens (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Leptoscarus vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Calotomus spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus spinidens Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
Cryptotomus spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Calotomus spindens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Calotomus spinidence (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
Callyodon waigiensis Valenciennes, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon hypselosoma Bleeker, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
Callyodon moluccensis Bleeker, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
Leptoscarus moluccensis (Bleeker, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Leptoscarus vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Callyodon viridescens (non Rüppell, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Calotomus japonicus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Calotomus viridescens (Rüppell, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus viridescens Rüppell, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
Callyodon viridescens (Rüppell, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Calotomus spinidens (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Calotomus japonicus (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon japonicus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Leptoscarus japonicus (Valenciennes, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Calotomus cyclurus Jenkins, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Calotomus zonarchus (Jenkins, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Scaridea zonarcha Jenkins, 1903
synonymseniororiginal2
Calotomus zonarcha (Jenkins, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Scaridea balia Jenkins, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scaridea aerosa Jordan & Snyder, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Scaridae aerosa Jordan & Snyder, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Scaridea farrandi Jordan, 1925
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nicholsina usta usta (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Callyodon ustus Valenciennes, 1840
synonymseniororiginal5
Nicholsina usta (Valenciennes, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Scarus dentiens Poey, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniornew
Cryptotomus beryllinus Jordan & Swain, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal5
Nicholsina denticulata (Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917)
acceptedseniornew
Xenoscarus denticulatus Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917
synonymseniororiginal2
Xenoscarus hubbsi Harry, 1950
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal5
Nicholsina collettei Schultz, 1968
synonymseniorchange in rank
Nicholsina usta (non Valenciennes, 1839)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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