Family Cheilodactylidae - Morwongs
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 27 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Southern Hemisphere (parts of Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans) and Northern Hemisphere (off Japan, China and Hawaiian Islands). Dorsal fin single, continuous or almost separate; spines 14-22; soft rays 19-39. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 7-19. No teeth in vomer and palatines. Adults with the lower 4-7 pectoral rays usually thickened, elongated, and free. Vertebrae usually 24. Moderately elongate and compressed fishes with small mouths and thick lips. About 1 m maximum length. Feed on small benthic invertebrates. Hide in holes at night (Ref. 7463). Inhabits subtropical and temperate nearshore waters; often solitary, demersal over reef substrates (Ref. 76788).
  Etymology
:
Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, daktylos = finger ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Cirrhitiformes | Cheilodactylidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Cheilodactylidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Cheilodactylus fasciatus Lacepède, 1803
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius zonatus (Cuvier, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus variegatus Valenciennes, 1833
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirodactylus variegatus (Valenciennes, 1833)
synonymseniornew
! Cheiloductylus variegatus Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal
Cheilodactylus gibbosus Richardson, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius gibbosus (Richardson, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus nigripes Richardson, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius vizonarius (Saville-Kent, 1887)
synonymjuniornew
Chilodactylus vizonarius Saville-Kent, 1888
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Goniistius quadricornis (Günther, 1860)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius vittatus (Garrett, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Gregoryina gygis Fowler & Ball, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius spectabilis (Hutton, 1872)
synonymseniornew
Chilodactylus allporti Günther, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chilodactylus asper Klunzinger, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cheilodactylus fuscus Castelnau, 1879
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius fuscus (Castelnau, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus annularis Castelnau, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cheilodactylus vestitus (Castelnau, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Zeodrius vestitus Castelnau, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
Goniistius vestitus (Castelnau, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus zebra Döderlein, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal
! Chilodactylus zebra Döderlein, 1883
synonymseniororiginal1
Goniistius zebra (Döderlein, 1883)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus ephippium McCulloch & Waite, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius ephippium (McCulloch & Waite, 1916)
synonymseniornew
Cheilodactylus rubrolabiatus Allen & Heemstra, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Goniistius plessisi (Randall, 1983)
synonymseniornew
! Goniistius plesisi (Randall, 1983)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cheilodactylus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Goniistius francisi (Burridge, 2004)
synonymseniornew
Goniistius gibbosus (non Richardson, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cheilodactylus vittatus (non Garrett, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nemadactylus macropterus (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Cichla macroptera Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Nemadactylus monodactylus (Carmichael, 1819)
acceptedseniornew
Chaetodon monodactylus Carmichael, 1819
synonymseniororiginal2
Acantholatris monodactylus (Carmichael, 1819)
synonymseniornew
Nemadactylus gayi (Kner, 1865)
acceptedseniornew
! Chilodactylus gayi Kner, 1865
synonymseniororiginal2
Acantholatris gayi (Kner, 1865)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Nemadactylus douglasii (Hector, 1875)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
! Nemadactylus douglasi (Hector, 1875)
synonymseniornew
! Chilodactylus morwong Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cheilodactylus morwong Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
synonymseniororiginal
Nemadactylus morwong (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887)
synonymjuniornew
Nemadactylus bergi (Norman, 1937)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Sciaenoides bergi (Norman, 1937)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Nemadactylus vemae (Penrith, 1967)
acceptedseniornew
Acantholatris vemae Penrith, 1967
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chirodactylus grandis (Günther, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Chilodactylus grandis Günther, 1860
synonymseniororiginal2
Palunolepis grandis (Günther, 1860)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chirodactylus grandis (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dactylophora nigricans (Richardson, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Cheilodactylus nigricans Richardson, 1850
synonymseniororiginal2
Psilocranium nigricans (Richardson, 1850)
synonymseniornew
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