Family Lepisosteidae - Gars
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 7 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : No
  Division
:
Secondary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Gars are chiefly freshwater, in brackish water occasionally; very rarely marine. Distribution: eastern North America (from southern Quebec) to Costa Rica; Cuba. Body elongate. Jaws elongated, with needlelike teeth. Short heterocercal tail. Heavily armored with ganoid scales. Lateral line with about 50-65. Dorsal fin far down posterior. Few dorsal rays. Branchiostegal rays 3. Gular or interopercle absent. Paired vomer. Vascularized swim bladder allows aerial respiration. Vertebrae convex anteriorly, concave posteriorly. About 3 m maximum length. They occur usually in shallow, weedy areas.
  Etymology
:
Greek, lepis, -idos = scale + Greek, osteon = bone ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Holostei | Lepisosteiformes | Lepisosteidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Lepisosteidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Lepisosteus osseus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Esox osseus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Esox viridis Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus gavial Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Lepisosteus gavialis Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepisosteus stenorhynchus Rafinesque, 1818
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Sarchirus vittatus Rafinesque, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus oxyurus Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus longirostris Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sarchirus argenteus Rafinesque, 1820
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus huronensis Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lepisosteus gracilis Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Lepidosteus gracilis Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepidosteus bison DeKay, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus lineatus Thompson, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus treculii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Lepidosteus treculi Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepidosteus harlani Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus smithii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Lepidosteus smithi Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepidosteus ayresii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus copei Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus lesueurii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus elisabeth Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus lamarii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus clintonii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus troostii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus horatii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus thompsonii Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Lepidosteus thompsoni Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidosteus milberti Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Lepidosteus mulberti Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Lepisosteus platostomus Rafinesque, 1820
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lepisosteus albus Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepisosteus oculatus Winchell, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal
! Lepidosteus oculatus Winchell, 1864
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Cylindrosteus agassiz Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Esox tristoechus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Lepisosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Atractoseus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atractosteus spatula (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Lepisosteus spatula Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal2
Esox cepedianus Shaw, 1804
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Litholepis adamantinus Rafinesque, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atractosteus adamantinus (Rafinesque, 1818)
synonymjuniornew
Lepisosteus ferox Rafinesque, 1820
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atractosteus lucius Duméril, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
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