Family Sparidae - Porgies
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 38 | Species : 144 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   lower   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water. Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Dorsal fin usually having 10-13 spines; soft rays 10-15. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 8-14. Maxilla hidden by a sheath when mouth is closed. Branchiostegal rays 6. Vertebrae 24 (10 + 14). To about 1.2 m maximum length. Carnivores of hard-shelled benthic invertebrates. Many species have been found to be hermaphroditic; some have male and female gonads simultaneously; others change sex as they get larger. Premier food and game fishes. Many species around southern Africa. A few species have been implicated in cases of ciguatera (Ref. 4537).
  Etymology
:
Greek, sparoides = a fish with golden head. 1668 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Spariformes | Sparidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Sparidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
Aurata aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Pagrus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Chrysophrys aurathus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Chrysophrys auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Sparus auratus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys crassirostris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pagrus auratus (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparodon durbanensis (Castelnau, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus durbanensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparidentex hasta (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex hasta Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparus hasta (Valenciennes, 1830)
ambiguoushomonymnew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Centracanthus cirrus Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Centracantus cirrus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Smaris royerii Bowdich, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Smaris royeri Bowdich, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal
! Spicara royeri (Bowdich, 1825)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris insidiator Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Diplodus annularis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus annularis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Diplodus sargus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus sargus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus rondeletii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal5
! Sargus rondelettii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Sargus vetula Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal5
Diplodus puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus puntazzo Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
Charax puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Puntazzo puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Sargus puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Sparus puntazzo Cetti, 1777
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus vulgaris Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal1
Sargus salviani Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Diplodus argenteus argenteus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus argenteus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus argenteus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Diplodus fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus fasciatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Diplodus trifasciatus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus noct (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus noct Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Diplodus sargus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus ascensionis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus sargus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus lineatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniornew
Charax cervinus Lowe, 1838
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus cervinus (Lowe, 1838)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus cervinus (Lowe, 1838)
synonymseniornew
Sparus trifasciatus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal5
Diplodus trifasciatus (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus trifasciatus (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus fasciatus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus capensis (Smith, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus capensis Smith, 1844
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Sargus hottentotus Smith, 1844
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus hottentotus (Smith, 1844)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus trifasciatus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus cervinus (non Lowe, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal5
synonymseniornew
Diplodus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus sargus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus kotschyi Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal5
! Diplodus sargus kotscyi (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus noct (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus holbrookii (Bean, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Diplodus holbrooki (Bean, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus helenae (Sauvage, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus helenae Sauvage, 1879
synonymseniororiginal5
Diplodus helenae (Sauvage, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus rondeletii (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus capensis (non Smith, 1849)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus capensis (non Smith, 1849)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus bellottii Steindachner, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
! Sargus belloti (Steindachner, 1882)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus senegalensis Cadenat, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal1
Diplodus prayensis Cadenat, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal1
Diplodus vulgaris (non Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus vulgaris (non Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus bermudensis Caldwell, 1965
acceptedseniororiginal1
Diplodus sargus cadenati de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal5
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Sargus rondeletti (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus vetula (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diplodus cervinus omanensis Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal5
Diplodus omanensis Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984
synonymseniorchange in rank
Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus maena Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Merolepis maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Smaris maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Spicara maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus zebra Brünnich, 1768
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus osbeck Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus tricuspidatus Spinola, 1807
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Spicara maena flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Maena jusculum Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Smaris cagarella Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Maena vomerina Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Smaris chryselis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Maena chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Merolepis chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Spicara chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris gagarella Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Maena osbeckii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Maena osbechii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Maena vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spicara smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus smaris Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Maena smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Smaris smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus alcedo Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Smaris alcedo (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Spicara alcedo (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Smaris gracilis Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Smaris maurii Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spicara martinicus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris martinicus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Spicara melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris melanurus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Centracanthus melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Pterosmaris melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Spicara axillaris (Boulenger, 1900)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio axillaris Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal1
Pterosmaris axillaris (Boulenger, 1900)
synonymseniornew
Caesio algoae Smith, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spicara alta (Osório, 1917)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris altus Osório, 1917
synonymseniororiginal1
Smaris macrophthalmus Cadenat, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spicara australis (Regan, 1921)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris australis Regan, 1921
synonymseniororiginal1
Spicara nigricauda (Norman, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Centracanthus melanurus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Smaris melanurus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus boops Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Box boops (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Boops canariensis Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Box canariensis (Valenciennes, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Boops lineatus (Boulenger, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
Box lineatus Boulenger, 1892
synonymseniororiginal1
Dentex dentex (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus dentex Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Dentex vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Dentex macrophthalmus (Bloch, 1791)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Dentex macrophathalmus (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
! Dentex macrophtalmus (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
Dentex gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus gibbosus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal1
Dentex filosus Valenciennes, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cheimerius filosus (Valenciennes, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
Dentex filamentosus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cheimerius filesus (non Valenciennes, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex maroccanus Valenciennes, 1830
acceptedseniororiginal1
Diagramma maroccanus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Dentex parvulus de Brito Capello, 1867
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dentex tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys tumifrons Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal2
Evynnis tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Taius tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Evynnis japonica Tanaka, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dentex hypselosomus Bleeker, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex hypselosoma Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal2
Synagris hypselosoma (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Taius tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Raius tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dentex canariensis Steindachner, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dentex nufar (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex cuninghami (non Regan, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex spariformis Ogilby, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal1
Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)
synonymseniornew
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dentex angolensis Poll & Maul, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dentex polli Roux, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dentex barnardi Cadenat, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal1
Cheimerius barnardi (Cadenat, 1970)
synonymseniornew
Dentex canariensis (non Steindachner, 1881)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex fourmanoiri Akazaki & Séret, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dentex abei Iwatsuki, Akazaki & Taniguchi, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dentex sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus pagrus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagrus pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagrus sedecim Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Pargus sedecim Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal
Aurata orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus auratus (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus auratus Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Chrysophrys auratus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Pagrosomus auratus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys unicolor Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pagrus unicolor (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Sparosomus unicolor (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus guttulatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chrysophrys guttulatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus micropterus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pagrus latus Richardson & Solander, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sciaena lata Solander, 1842
synonymotheroriginal2
Pagrus chinensis Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pagrus ruber Steindachner, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal3
Pagrus arthurius Jordan & Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Sparus auratus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chrysophrys major (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrosomus major (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys caeruleosticta Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus caeruloestictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus coeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Sparus caeruleosticus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Sparus coeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus bertheloti Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagrus auriga (non Valenciennes, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Semapagrus auriga (non Valenciennes, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus auriga Valenciennes, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal1
Argyrops auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Semapagrus auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus caeruleostictus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys major Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal2
Pagrosomus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
! Pagus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus africanus Akazaki, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal1
Sparus pagrus africanus (Akazaki, 1962)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus pagrus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus gibbiceps (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus vulgaris (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus gibbiceps (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Oblada melanura (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus melanurus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
! Oblata melanura (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus crenidens Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus erythrinus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagellus canariensis Valenciennes, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus bogaraveo Brünnich, 1768
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Sparus centrodontus Delaroche, 1809
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagellus centrodontus (Delaroche, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
Pagellus acarne (Risso, 1827)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus acarne Risso, 1827
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagellus bellottii Steindachner, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pagellus bellottii bellottii Steindachner, 1882
synonymseniorchange in rank
Dentex cuninghamii Regan, 1905
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagellus coupei Dieuzeide, 1960
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagellus erythrinus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagellus affinis Boulenger, 1888
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pagellus natalensis Steindachner, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Pagellus natalenses Steindachner, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus salpa Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Boops salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Eusalpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box goreensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Boops goreensis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus spinifer Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagrus ciliaris von Bonde, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal1
Calamus ciliaris (von Bonde, 1923)
synonymjuniornew
Argyrops filamentosus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus filamentosus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus megalommatus Klunzinger, 1870
synonymseniororiginal1
Argyrops bleekeri Oshima, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal1
Argyrops spinifer (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Calamus bajonado (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus bajonado Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Calamus calamus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagellus calamus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Calamus penna (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagellus penna Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Calamus taurinus (Jenyns, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys taurina Jenyns, 1840
synonymseniororiginal1
Calamus pennatula Guichenot, 1868
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus brachysomus (Lockington, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus brachysomus Lockington, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Calamus arctifrons Goode & Bean, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Calamus artifrons Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus proridens Jordan & Gilbert, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus leucosteus Jordan & Gilbert, 1885
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus campechanus Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus cervigoni Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus mu Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Calamus nodosus Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys gibbiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus cristiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys cristiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus laticeps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys laticeps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysophrys algoensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus algoensis (Castelnau, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys pugicephalus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus anglicus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys anglicus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus puniceus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys puniceus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysoblephus lophus (Fowler, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus lophus Fowler, 1925
synonymseniororiginal1
Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus mormyrus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagellus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pagellus goreensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus lithognathus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagellus lithognathus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Lithognatus lithognathus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Pagellus capensis Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lithognathus capensis (Swainson, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pagellus lithognathus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lithognathus olivieri (non Penrith & Penrith, 1969)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lithognathus olivieri Penrith & Penrith, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal1
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus cantharus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Cantharus cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Spondyliosoma cantarus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus lineatus Montagu, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cantharus lineatus (Montagu, 1818)
synonymjuniornew
Cantharus senegalensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cantharus vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Spondyliosoma emarginatum (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus emarginatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
! Cantharus emarginatum Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Cantharus microlepis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus vagus (Peters, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys vagus Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparus vagus (Peters, 1852)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus caffer Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys estuarius Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal2
Acanthopagrus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus berda Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysophrys berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Mylio berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Sparus hasta Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus calamara Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys calamara Valenciennes, 1830
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Acanthopagrus calamara (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys madagascariensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus madagascariensis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys longispinnis Valenciennes, 1830
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Sparus longispinnis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pagrus robinsoni (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys hasta (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparidentex hasta (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Chaetodon bifasciatus Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Chysophrys bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Mylio bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Sparus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Holocentrus rabaji Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal2
Acanthopagrus latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus latus Houttuyn, 1782
synonymseniororiginal1
Mylio latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Coius datnia Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Acanthopagrus datnia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys datnia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys auripes Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys xanthopoda Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus chrysopterus Kishinouye, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus catenula (Lacepède, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus catenula Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparus mylio Lacepède, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal5
Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
! Acanthopagrus schlegeli (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus macrocephalus Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal5
Mylio macrocephalus (Basilewsky, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
Sparus macrocephalus (Basilewsky, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
Acanthopagrus australis (Günther, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys australis Günther, 1859
synonymseniororiginal1
Roughleyia australis (Günther, 1859)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal5
synonymseniornew
synonymseniorchange in species
Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley, 1935)
acceptedseniornew
Roughleyia palmaris Whitley, 1935
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Mylio butcheri Munro, 1949
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus akazakii Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus taiwanensis Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus chinshira Kume & Yoshino, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Mylio berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acanthopagrus australis (non Günther, 1859)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acanthopagrus sivicolus (non Akazaki, 1962)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acanthopagrus randalli Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus omanensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus pacificus Iwatsuki, Kume & Yoshino, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Acanthopagrus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Acanthopagrus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mylio berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus hasta (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lagodon rhomboides (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus rhomboides Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pachymetopon grande Günther, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pachymetopon guentheri Steindachner, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pachymetopon blochii (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus blochii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Caranthus blochii (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Cantharus castelnaui Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Cantharus castelnau Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pachymetopon aeneum (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus aeneus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
Cantharus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cantharus simus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal1
Boopsoidea inornata Castelnau, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pagrus holubi Steindachner, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Sargus aries Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal2
Archosargus aries (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Archosargus oviceps Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal1
Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Perca rhomboidalis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Perca unimaculata Bloch, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Archosargus pourtalesii (Steindachner, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus pourtalesii Steindachner, 1881
synonymseniororiginal1
! Archosargus portalesii (Steindachner, 1881)
synonymseniornew
! Archosargus pourtalesi (Steindachner, 1881)
synonymseniornew
Stenotomus chrysops (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus chrysops Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal1
Stenotomus caprinus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Dentex coeruleopunctatus Klunzinger, 1870
synonymseniororiginal1
! Polysteganus caeruleopunctatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Dentex praeorbitalis Günther, 1859
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Dentex undulosus Regan, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Polysteganus mascarenensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Evynnis cardinalis (Lacepède, 1802)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus cardinalis Lacepède, 1802
synonymseniororiginal1
Evynnis ehrenbergii (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus ehrenbergii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal2
Sparus ehrenbergii (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus ehrenbergi Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Pagrus erhenbergii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Sparus ehrenbergi (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus caeruleostictus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Evynnis mononematos Guan, Tang & Wu, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parargyrops edita Tanaka, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Paragyrops edita Tanaka, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus sarba Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Austrosparus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhadosarga sarda Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus bufonites Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus psittacus Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys chrysargyra Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chrysophrys aries Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus aries (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus auriventris Peters, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Diplodus auriventris (Peters, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys natalensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sparus natalensis (Castelnau, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys haffara (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus bifasciatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus robinsoni (non Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus nigrofasciatus (non Regan, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Rhabdosargus haffara (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus haffara Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhabdosargus globiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys globiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Austrosparus globiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Sargus natalensis Steindachner, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhabdosargus holubi (Steindachner, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus holubi Steindachner, 1881
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Austrosparus auriventris (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhabdosargus auriventris (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polyamblyodon germanum (Barnard, 1934)
acceptedseniornew
Pachymetopon germanum Barnard, 1934
synonymseniororiginal1
Polyamblyodon gibbosum (Pellegrin, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Pachymetopon gibbosus Pellegrin, 1914
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Argyrozona argyrozona (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex argyrozona Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Polysteganus argyrozona (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Cheimerius nufar (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex nufar Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
! Cheimerus nufar (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Dentex miles Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal1
Dentex albus Gilchrist, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cheimerius matsubarai Akazaki, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal1
Cymatoceps nasutus (Castelnau, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys nasutus Castelnau, 1861
synonymseniororiginal1
Pagrus nigripinnis Boulenger, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal1
Petrus rupestris (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex rupestris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Dentex brevis Kner, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal1
Porcostoma dentata (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys dentatus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
! Porcostomus dentata (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Pterogymnus laniarius (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus laniarius Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Chrysophrys laniarius (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Virididentex acromegalus (Osório, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex acromegalus Osório, 1911
synonymseniororiginal1
Sparus acromegalus (Osório, 1911)
synonymseniornew
Dentex multidens (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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