Family Echeneidae - Remoras
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 8 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
  Tertiary    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Elongate body, with the head flattened and bearing a sucking disc having 10-28 transverse movable lamina (disc said to have evolved from a spinous dorsal fin). Mandible jutted. Scales small and cycloid. Spines absent in dorsal and anal fins. About 18-40 soft rays each in dorsal and anal fins. No swim bladder. Branchiostegal rays 8-11. With the sucking disc, the remora hitches to larger animals such as sharks, bony fishes, turtles or mammals. Some species reportedly show considerable host specificity. They act as cleaners on their hosts and also feed on 'leftovers'. Assumed to be pelagic spawners (RF). About 1 m maximum length (reported for Echeines naucrates); the smallest species measuring 17 cm.
  Etymology
:
Greek, echein = to hold + Greek, nays = ship; 1594. From it suppossed power for stopping ships ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Carangimorpharia | Carangiformes | Echeneidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Echeneidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
Leptecheneis naucrates (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Echeneis naucratus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Echeneis neucrates Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Echensis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Echneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Echeneis lunata Bancroft, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis vittata Rüppell, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis fasciata Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis fusca Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis chiromacer Duméril, 1858
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Echeneis scaphecrates Duméril, 1858
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Echeneis guaican Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Phtheirichthys lineatus (Menzies, 1791)
acceptedseniornew
Echeneis lineata Menzies, 1791
synonymseniororiginal1
! Phtheirichthys lineata (Menzies, 1791)
synonymseniornew
! Phthierichthys lineatus (Menzies, 1791)
synonymseniornew
Echeneis tropica Euphrasen, 1791
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Echeneis remora Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Echeneis squalipeta Daldorff, 1793
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis parva Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis remoroides Bleeker, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis remeligo Duméril, 1858
synonymotheroriginal
Echeneis bourboniensis Duméril, 1858
synonymotheroriginal
Echeneis postica Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis remeligo Guichenot, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Echeneis remiligo Guichenot, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal
Echeneis borboniensis Guichenot, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal2
Echeneis nubifera Tanaka, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal1
Remora osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Echeneis osteochir Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhombochirus osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Echeneis osteochire (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis pediculus Girard, 1893
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Remora brachyptera (Lowe, 1839)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Echeneis sexdecimlamellata Eydoux & Gervais, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis pallida Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Echeneis nieuhofii Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal1
Remora australis (Bennett, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Echeneis australis Bennett, 1840
synonymseniororiginal1
Remilegia australis (Bennett, 1840)
synonymseniornew
! Remora australia (Bennett, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Echeneis scutata Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
Remora scutata (Günther, 1860)
synonymjuniornew
Remora remora (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Remora albescens (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Echeneis albescens Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
Remorina albescens (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Echeneis lophioides Duméril, 1858
synonymotheroriginal
Echeneis clypeata Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echeneis lophioides Guichenot, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal2
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