Family Heterodontidae - Bullhead, horn, or Port Jackson sharks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 9 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Jurassic    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: In warm-temperate and tropical continental waters of the western Indian Ocean and western and eastern Pacific; absent from the Atlantic and from oceanic insular waters. Two dorsal fins, each with a spine. Only living sharks with two spined dorsal fins and anal fin present. Five pairs of gill slits; eyes without nictitating fold; small spiracles present; nostrils connected with mouth by deep groove. Small species (max 165 cm) with small mouth; anterior teeth small and cuspidate, posterior enlarged and molariform; snout very short and bluntly rounded. Sluggish nocturnal bottom sharks, mainly in shallow waters. Benthos feeder. Oviparous, producing eggs in unique, large, spiral-flanged egg cases.
  Etymology
:
Greek, heteros = other + Greek, odous = teeth
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Heterodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Squalus jacksoni Suckow, 1799
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Squalus jacksonii Suckow, 1799
synonymjuniororiginal
Squalus philippi Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterodontus philippi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Heterodontus phillipi Duméril, 1865
synonymotheroriginal
synonymotheroriginal
synonymotheroriginal
Centracion philippi Garman, 1913
synonymotheroriginal
Centracion zebra Gray, 1831
synonymseniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Cestracion quoyi Fréminville, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Cestracion pantherinus Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gyropleurodus peruanus Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917
synonymjuniororiginal2
Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Heterodontis francisci (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
! Heterodontis francisi (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Heterodontus californicus (non Herald, 1961)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Heterodontus galeatus (Günther, 1870)
acceptedseniornew
Cestracion galeatus Günther, 1870
synonymseniororiginal2
Molochophrys galeatus (Günther, 1870)
synonymseniornew
! Heterodontis galeatus (Günther, 1870)
synonymseniornew
Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cestracion japonicus (Miklouho-Maclay & Macleay, 1884)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
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