Family Pseudochromidae - Dottybacks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 24 | Species : 152 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Marine, rarely brackish. One spine on pelvic fin. Pelvic fin insertion below or before pectoral fin base. Lateral line variable (interrupted or continuous in some). Attains about 50 cm maximum length in Congrogadinae; mostly below 11 cm. Small, often brilliantly colored elongate fishes. Most species remain near crevices or among rubble. They feed on small invertebrates and fishes. The male guards a ball of eggs deposited by the female. Some species are mouthbrooders.
  Etymology
:
Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, chromis = a fish without identificaction, perhaps a fish similar to perch; cited by Plinius ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Incertae | sedis | in | Ovalentaria | Pseudochromidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pseudochromidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Pseudochrominae
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis fuscus Müller & Troschel, 1849
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Pseudochromis fusca Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudochromis adustus Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Onar nebulosum De Vis, 1885
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Pseudochromis aurea Seale, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis rex Seale, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudochromis ransonneti Steindachner, 1870
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis caudalis Boulenger, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudochromis ranjhai Klausewitz, 1961
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis wilsoni (Whitley, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudochromis jamesi Schultz, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis aldabraensis Bauchot-Boutin, 1958
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis fridmani Klausewitz, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudochromis dixurus Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis pesi Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis sankeyi Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis flammicauda Lubbock & Goldman, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis melas Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis pesi (non Lubbock, 1975)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis linda Randall & Stanaland, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis olivaceus (non Rüppell, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pseudochromis pylei Randall & McCosker, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis reticulatus Gill & Woodland, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis steenei Gill & Randall, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis kolythrus Gill & Winterbottom, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis omanensis Gill & Mee, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis striatus Gill, Shao & Chen, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis viridis Gill & Allen, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis tapeinosoma (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pseudochromis aurulentus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis cometes Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis flavopunctatus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis litus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis pictus Gill & Randall, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis lugubris Gill & Allen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis tonozukai Gill & Allen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis matahari Gill, Erdmann & Allen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis chrysospilus Gill & Zajonz, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis erdmanni Gill & Allen, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis fuligifinis Gill & Williams, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis socotraensis Gill & Zajonz, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis ammeri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis sp. 3 Not applicable
synonymotherother
synonymotherother
Pseudochromis eichleri Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis colei (non Herre, 1933)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pseudochromis oligochrysus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis rutilus Gill, Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis tigrinus Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Assiculus punctatus Richardson, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis punctatus (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Pseudochromis muelleri Klunzinger, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cichlops filamentosus Macleay, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal2
Labracinus cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
Cichlops cyclophthalmus Müller & Troschel, 1849
synonymseniororiginal2
Dampieria cyclophthalma (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
Dampieria cyclophthalmus (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
! Labracinus cyclophthalma (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
synonymseniornew
Julis horsfieldii Valenciennes, 1839
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Halichoeres horsfieldi (Valenciennes, 1839)
ambiguousothernew
Cichlops melanotaenia Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dampieria melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Labracinus melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Dampiera melanotaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Cichlops spilopterus Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dampieria spiloptera (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Cichlops hellmuthii Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cichlops trispilos Bleeker, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Labracinus lineatus (Castelnau, 1875)
acceptedseniornew
Dampieria lineata Castelnau, 1875
synonymseniororiginal2
! Labricinus lineatus (Castelnau, 1875)
synonymseniornew
Dampieria ignita Scott, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Ogilbyina novaehollandiae (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Labracinus longipinnis (Ogilby, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
Ogilbyina queenslandiae (Saville-Kent, 1893)
acceptedseniornew
Polyacanthus queenslandiae Saville-Kent, 1893
synonymseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis queenslandiae (Saville-Kent, 1893)
synonymseniornew
Ogilbyina salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis salvati Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966
synonymseniororiginal2
Cypho salvati (Plessis & Fourmanoir, 1966)
synonymseniornew
Cypho purpurascens (De Vis, 1884)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cypho zaps Gill, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Assiculoides desmonotus Gill & Hutchins, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Manonichthys splendens (Fowler, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Manonichthys polynemus (Fowler, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Manonichthys paranox (Lubbock & Goldman, 1976)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis paranox Lubbock & Goldman, 1976
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Manonichthys jamali Allen & Erdmann, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal2
Manonichthys scintilla Gill & Williams, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Oxycercichthys veliferus (Lubbock, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Ogilbyina velifera (Lubbock, 1980)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Pholidochromis marginata (Lubbock, 1980)
synonymseniornew
Pholidochromis cerasina Gill & Tanaka, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pictichromis porphyrea (Lubbock & Goldman, 1974)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis porphyreus Lubbock & Goldman, 1974
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Pictichromis diadema (Lubbock & Randall, 1978)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis diadema Lubbock & Randall, 1978
synonymseniororiginal2
Pictichromis aurifrons (Lubbock, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Pictichromis ephippiata (Gill, Pyle & Earle, 1996)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudochromis ephippiatus Gill, Pyle & Earle, 1996
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis paccagnellae (non Axelrod, 1973)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pictichromis caitlinae Allen, Gill & Erdmann, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pictichromis aurifrons (non Lubbock, 1980)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pseudochromis aurifrons (non Lubbock, 1980)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pictichromis dinar Randall & Schultz, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anisochrominae
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anisochromis straussi Springer, Smith & Fraser, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anisochromis mascarenensis Gill & Fricke, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Anisochromis kenyae (non Smith, 1954)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Congrogadinae
Congrogadus subducens (Richardson, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Machaerium subducens Richardson, 1843
synonymseniororiginal2
! Congradus subducens (Richardson, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Machaerium nebulatum Bleeker, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal2
Congrogadus nebulatus (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
! Congrogadus subulatus Günther,1852
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal2
Congrogadus reticulatus (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Machaerium reticulum Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Stenophus marmoratus Castelnau, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal2
Stenophus obscurus Castelnau, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hierichthys encryptes Jordan & Fowler, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Congrogadus encryptes (Jordan & Fowler, 1902)
synonymjuniornew
Congrogadus hierichthys Jordan & Richardson, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal2
Congrogadoides hierichthys (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Congrogadus malayanus (Weber, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Congrogadus spinifer (Borodin, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Congrogadus amplimaculatus (Winterbottom, 1980)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Congrogadoides spinifer (non Borodin, 1933)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Congrogadus winterbottomi Gill, Mooi & Hutchins, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal2
Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
! Haliophis maculatus Not applicable
synonymothermisapplied
Muraena guttata Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
Muraena maculata Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal2
Haliophis aethiopus Winterbottom, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Haliophis diademus Winterbottom & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Haliophis malayanus (non Weber, 1909)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Halidesmus scapularis Günther, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal2
Porogrammus capensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halidesmus thomaseni (Nielsen, 1961)
acceptedseniornew
Pholioides thomaseni Nielsen, 1961
synonymseniororiginal2
Tentaculus waltairiensis Rao & Dutt, 1966
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halidesmus polytretus Winterbottom, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halidesmus coccus Winterbottom & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halidesmus socotraensis Gill & Zajonz, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halimuraena shakai Winterbottom, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halimuraena lepopareia Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halimuraena hexagonata (non Smith, 1952)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rusichthys plesiomorphus Winterbottom, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rusichthys explicitus Winterbottom, 1996
acceptedseniororiginal2
Natalichthys ori Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halidesmus scapularis (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Natalichthys leptus Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halidesmus scapularis (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Natalichthys sam Winterbottom, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halimuraenoides isostigma Maugé & Bardach, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiopinae
Pseudoplesiops typus Bleeker, 1858
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops annae (Weber, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops rosae Schultz, 1943
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis rosae (Schultz, 1943)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudochromis revellei (Schultz, 1953)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops collare Gill, Randall & Edwards, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops immaculatus Gill & Edwards, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops occidentalis Gill & Edwards, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops wassi Gill & Edwards, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Chlidichthys bibulus (Smith, 1954)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys auratus Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops auratus (Lubbock, 1975)
synonymseniornew
Chlidichthys rubiceps Lubbock, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys abruptus Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys randalli Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys smithae Lubbock, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys cacatuoides Gill & Randall, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys chagosensis Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops typus (non Bleeker, 1858)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlidichthys inornatus (non Lubbock, 1976)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chlidichthys clibanarius Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Chlidichthys sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Chlidichthys foudioides Gill & Edwards, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Amsichthys knighti (Allen, 1987)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Lubbockichthys tanakai Gill & Senou, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lubbockichthys myersi Gill & Edwards, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pseudoplesiops sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. 3 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pseudoplesiops sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Pectinochromis lubbocki (Edwards & Randall, 1983)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudoplesiops lubbocki Edwards & Randall, 1983
synonymseniororiginal2
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