Family Synbranchidae - Swamp-eels
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 23 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : No
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Freshwater; occasionally in brackish water; tropical and subtropical. Distribution: Asia, Indo-Australian Archipelago, West Africa (Liberia), Mexico, Central and South America. Eellike fishes. No pectoral and pelvic fins; rudimentary dorsal and anal fins; caudal fin small or rudimentary, or lacking altogether. Small eyes. Gill membranes fused; gill opening a small slit or pore. Four to six branchiostegal rays. No swim bladder. No ribs. With 98-188 vertebrae (abdominal: 51-135). Mostly air breathers. Many are burrowers, some cave dwellers. To over 70 cm maximum length in Ophisternon aenigmaticum.
  Etymology
:
Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, brangchia = gill
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Anabantomorpharia | Synbranchiformes | Synbranchoidei | Synbranchidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Synbranchidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synbranchus pardalis Valenciennes, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synbranchus vittatus Castelnau, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Symbranchus hieronymi Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Symbranchus doeringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Symbranchus doringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
! Symbranchus döringii Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymseniororiginal
Symbranchus tigrinus Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synbranchus mercedarius Weyenbergh, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Falconeria pinnata Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal1
Falconeria aptera Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synbranchus madeirae Rosen & Rumney, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synbranchus lampreia Favorito, Zanata & Assumpção, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793)
acceptedseniornew
Muraena alba Zuiew, 1793
synonymseniororiginal1
Fluta alba (Zuiew, 1793)
synonymseniornew
! Monopterus alba (Zuiew, 1793)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
! Aptergia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Gymnotus albus Zuiew, 1789
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Monopterus javanensis Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
Unibranchapertura laevis Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus laevis (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
! Symbranchus grammicus Cantor, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ophicardia phayriana McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Ophicardia phyariana McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus cinereus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus cinereus (McClelland, 1844)
synonymjuniornew
Synbranchus xanthognathus Richardson, 1845
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus xanthognathus (Richardson, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
Ophicardia xanthognatha (Richardson, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
Monopterus helvolus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus marmoratus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Apterigia saccogularis Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Apterigia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Aptergia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Apterigia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Ophichthys punctatus Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Ophichthys punctata Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Pneumabranchus striatus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pneumabranchus leprosus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pneumabranchus albinus McClelland, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Monopterus hodgarti (Chaudhuri, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Moringua hodgarti Chaudhuri, 1913
synonymseniororiginal1
Amphipnous hodgarti (Chaudhuri, 1913)
synonymseniornew
Monopterus boueti (Pellegrin, 1922)
acceptedseniornew
Typhlosynbranchus boueti Pellegrin, 1922
synonymseniororiginal1
Monopterus fossorius (Nayar, 1951)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Monopterus indicus (Silas & Dawson, 1961)
acceptedseniornew
Amphipnous indicus Silas & Dawson, 1961
synonymseniororiginal1
Monopterus eapeni Talwar, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus indicus Eapen, 1963
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Monopterus desilvai Bailey & Gans, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus roseni Bailey & Gans, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus bicolor Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus dienbienensis Nguyen & Nguyen, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Monopterus ichthyophoides Britz, Lalremsanga, Lalrotluanga & Lalramliana, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ophisternon bengalense McClelland, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal
! Ophisternon bengalensis McClelland, 1844
synonymseniororiginal1
Synbranchus bengalensis (McClelland, 1844)
synonymseniornew
! Symbranchus bengalensis (McClelland, 1844)
synonymseniornew
Ophisternon hepaticus McClelland, 1844
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Ophisternon gutturale (Richardson, 1845)
acceptedseniornew
Synbranchus gutturalis Richardson, 1845
synonymseniororiginal1
Ophisternon afrum (Boulenger, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Symbranchus afer Boulenger, 1909
synonymseniororiginal1
Ophisternon infernale (Hubbs, 1938)
acceptedseniornew
Pluto infernalis Hubbs, 1938
synonymseniororiginal1
Furmastix infernalis (Hubbs, 1938)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Ophisternon aenigmaticum Rosen & Greenwood, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal1
Macrotrema caligans (Cantor, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
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