Family Gasterosteidae - Sticklebacks and tubesnouts
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 18 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Northern Hemisphere. Body may be elongate, naked or with bony scutes along the sides. Three to sixteen well-developed isolated dorsal spines preceed a normal dorsal fin having 6-14 rays; caudal fin rays 12-13; a single spine and 1-2 soft rays in the pelvic fin; three branchiostegal rays; circumorbital ring incomplete posteriorly; epineurals present; vertebrae 28-42. About 18 cm maximum length reached in Spinachia spinachia. Sticklebacks have been widely used in scientific studies. Several subspecies are recognized by authors and the family is in need of revision.
  Etymology
:
Greek, gaster = stomach + Greek, osteon = bone ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Perciformes | Cottoidei | Gasterosteidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Gasterosteidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Leiurus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus teraculeatus Lacep├Ęde, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus niger Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus dimidiatus Reinhardt, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus loricatus Reinhardt, 1837
synonymotheroriginal2
Gasterosteus biarmatus Krynicki, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus ponticus Nordmann, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Gasterosteus Dekayi Ayres, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus insculptus Richardson, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus neustrianus Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus elegans Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus bailloni Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus texanus Sauvage, 1874
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymotheroriginal2
Gasterosteus gymnurus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gasterosteus microcephalus (non Girard, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gasterosteus islandicus (non Sauvage, 1874)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gasterosteus crenobiontus B?cescu & Mayer, 1956
acceptedseniorchange in rank
! Gasterosteus aculeatus crenobionta B?cescu & Mayer, 1956
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus spinachia Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Spinachia vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Apeltes quadracus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus quadracus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal1
Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus pungitius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Gasteracanthus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gasterosteus concinnus Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gasterosteus dekayi Agassiz, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
ambiguousotheroriginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Gasterosteus burgundianus (non Blanchard, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pungitius laevis (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus laevis Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
Gasterosteus vulgaris Mauduyt, 1848
synonymjuniororiginal6
Gasterosteus lotharingus Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gasterosteus breviceps Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Pungitius platygaster (Kessler, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pungitius sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus sinensis Guichenot, 1869
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Pungitius sinensis sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus kaibarae Tanaka, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pungitius kaibarae (Tanaka, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
synonymseniornew
Gasterosteus bussei (non Warpachowski, 1888)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pungitius stenurus (Kessler, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus stenurus Kessler, 1876
synonymseniororiginal1
Pungitius bussei (Warpachowski, 1888)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus bussei Warpachowski, 1888
synonymseniororiginal1
Pungitius tymensis (Nikolskii, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus tymensis Nikolskii, 1889
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Pungitius hellenicus Stephanidis, 1971
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pungitius polyakovi Shedko, Shedko & Pietsch, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Culaea inconstans (Kirtland, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Eucalia inconstans (Kirtland, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Gasterosteus pygmaeus Agassiz, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Eucalia pygmaea (Agassiz, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gasterosteus globiceps (non Sauvage, 1874)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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