Family Neoceratiidae - Toothed seadevils
  Order
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  Class
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Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
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Genera : 1 | Species : 1 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
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Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
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Marine
  Aquarium
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none
  First Fossil Record
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  Remark
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Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. No illicium. Females with long movable teeth outside the jaws. Females are host to the parasitic mature males. (Ref. 245) Other distinguishing characters: Exceptional amongst all ceratioids by its lack of a luring apparatus. Unique set of defining characters include: the body of metamorphosed females elongate, slender, and laterally compressed; a short head; a large horizontal to slightly oblique mouth with its cleft continuing posteriorly well beyond the eye; tiny, degenerate-looking eyes measuring less than 2.5% SL; a large nasal papilla on each side of the mouth; lacking nostrils and olfactory lamellae (functions unknown); conically-shaped sphenotics lacking a distal spine; jaws are subequal (the anterior of the lower jaw slightly longer than the upper jaw) and lacking a symphysial spine; the jaw with an inner row of short, straight, widely spaced immobile teeth (0 to 6 on each premaxilla and 10 to 21 on each dentary); an outer row of 2 or 3 irregular series of long straight hinged teeth, each with a tiny distal hook, articulated on prominent conical outgrowths of the jaw and strongly attached by connective tissue and well-developed musculature; 11 to 20 outer premaxillary teeth and 18 to 20 on each dentary (count accuracy compromised by the very poor condition of the specimens); long and slender vomerine teeth on each side; unusually long pterygiophores supporting the dorsal- and anal-fins, those supporting the latter being much longer; the fins appear to be mounted on prominent bases because of the long rays; unusually long and slender caudal peduncle; broad caudal fin with its four innermost rays being deeply bifurcated; head and body lacking dermal spinules; associated with the acoustico-lateralis are numerous elongate filaments (like those of caulophrynids) on the skin of the head and body. Free-living males unknown. Parasitic males, represented by 7 individuals measuring between 1.15 to 1.8 cm; uniquely having a slender body compared to members of other ceratioid families; eyes and olfactory organs degenerate; no evidence of an upper denticular bone; 3 elongate, curved, and distally bifurcated projections on the lower denticular; skin naked, lacking dermal spinules. Larvae (0.37 to 0.98 cm) with an elongate, slender body (depth of 30 to 40% SL); slightly inflated skin; no evidence of sexual dimorphism; with an elongate, cylindrical rudimentary illicium uniquely positioned on the tip of the snout above the symphysis of the upper jaw; relatively small pectoral fins (15 to 20% SL); metamorphosis commencing at 0.8 to 1.0 cm SL. Dorsal-fin rays: 10 to 13, anal-fin rays: 10 to 13, pectoral-fin rays: 12 to 15, and caudal-fin rays: 9 (2 unbranched + 4 branched + 3 unbranched) (10 in some larvae). (Ref. 86949)
  Etymology
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Named by Pappenheim (1914:198) to signify a new kind of ceratiid-like anglerfish, at the time expressing uncertainty of its position within the suborder but finding great similarity with the Ceratiidae. (Ref. 86949)
  Reproductive guild
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  Typical activity level
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  Main Ref
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  Coordinator
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  Deep Fin Classification
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Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Lophiiformes | Ceratioidei | Neoceratiidae

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Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Neoceratiidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

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Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Neoceratias spinifer Pappenheim, 1914
acceptedseniororiginal1
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