Family Myxinidae - Hagfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Myxini
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 78 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Marine, temperate zones of the world, all oceans except the Red Sea, Arctic, and Southern oceans; only deep water in tropical areas. The few available studies indicate that hagfishes do not migrate beyond 100 km (Bo Fernholm, pers. comm., 2004). Jaws absent, no bones. Body naked, eel-like. 1-16 pairs of external gill openings. No paired fins, no dorsal fin. Part of caudal fin extends onto dorsal and ventral surfaces. Degenerate eyes. Laterally biting mouth bearing barbels. Teeth only on tongue plus one on 'palate'. Mucous pores in 2 ventrolateral lines, each line with about 70-200 glands containing mucous cells and thread cells. Ovaries and testes in same individual but functionally non-hermaphroditic. Up to 30 large yolky eggs. No larval phase and thus no metamorphosis. Important predators (often scavengers) on invertebrates and others, e.g., netted fishes and discard. One of the most abundant groups of demersal fishes in many areas. Prey item for marine mammals and large predatory invertebrates. Only vertebrates with body fluids iso-osmotic with seawater. About 100 cm max length. Used as food in Japan and South Korea. Their hides are processed into 'eel skin' in Korea. myx- (gr.) = slime.
  Etymology
:
Greek, myxinos, -ou = a kind of viscose skin ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Myxinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Myxininae
Myxine glutinosa Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Myxine australis Jenyns, 1842
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine acutifrons Garman, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal1
Myxine glutinosa (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Myxine tridentiger (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Notomyxine tridentiger (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Myxine limosa Girard, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxine atlantica Regan, 1913
synonymjuniororiginal2
Myxine affinis Günther, 1870
acceptedseniororiginal1
Muraenoblenna olivacea Lacepède, 1803
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Myxine circifrons Garman, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine garmani Jordan & Snyder, 1901
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine capensis Regan, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine glutinosa (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Myxine paucidens Regan, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine ios Fernholm, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine mcmillanae Hensley, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine debueni Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine dorsum Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxine fernholmi Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine hubbsi Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine hubbsoides Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine knappi Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine mccoskeri Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine pequenoi Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine robinsorum Wisner & McMillan, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal
! Myxine robinsi Wisner & McMillan, 1995
synonymseniororiginal1
Myxine formosana Mok & Kuo, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine sotoi Mincarone, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine kuoi Mok, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxine jespersenae Møller, Feld, Poulsen, Thomsen & Thormar, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal1
Notomyxine tridentiger (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Myxine tridentiger Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal1
Neomyxine biniplicata (Richardson & Jowett, 1951)
acceptedseniornew
Myxine biniplicata Richardson & Jowett, 1951
synonymseniororiginal1
Nemamyxine elongata Richardson, 1958
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nemamyxine kreffti McMillan & Wisner, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretinae
Eptatretus cirrhatus (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Petromyzon cirrhatus Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Homea banksii Fleming, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal1
Eptatretus banksii (Fleming, 1822)
synonymjuniornew
Bdellostoma forsteri Müller, 1836
ambiguousotheroriginal1
! Heptatrema cirrhatum Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
synonymseniororiginal2
Eptatretus hexatrema (Müller, 1836)
acceptedseniornew
Bdellostoma hexatrema Müller, 1836
synonymseniororiginal1
Heptatretus hexatrema (Müller, 1836)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus burgeri (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Bdellostoma burgeri Girard, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
Heptatretus burgeri (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Homea burgeri (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus polytrema (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus stoutii (Lockington, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Bdellostoma stoutii Lockington, 1878
synonymseniororiginal1
Polistotrema stoutii (Lockington, 1878)
synonymseniornew
! Bdellostoma stouti Lockington, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
! Eptatretus stouti (Lockington, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus bischoffii (Schneider, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Bdellostoma bischoffii Schneider, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
! Eptatretus bischoffi (Schneider, 1880)
synonymseniornew
! Eptatretus bischoffli (Schneider, 1880)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Eptatretus decatrema (Regan, 1912)
synonymjuniornew
Eptatretus atami (Dean, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine atami Dean, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Homea okinoseana Dean, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus deani (Evermann & Goldsborough, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Polistotrema deani Evermann & Goldsborough, 1907
synonymseniororiginal1
Polistotrema curtissjamesi Townsend & Nichols, 1925
synonymjuniororiginal1
Eptatretus octatrema (Barnard, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Heptatretus octatrema Barnard, 1923
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus profundus (Barnard, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Heptatretus profundus Barnard, 1923
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus springeri (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine springeri Bigelow & Schroeder, 1952
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus yangi (Teng, 1958)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine yangi Teng, 1958
synonymseniororiginal1
Quadratus yangi (Teng, 1958)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus cheni (Shen & Tao, 1975)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine cheni Shen & Tao, 1975
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus taiwanae (Shen & Tao, 1975)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine taiwanae Shen & Tao, 1975
synonymseniororiginal1
Quadratus taiwanae (Shen & Tao, 1975)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus minor Fernholm & Hubbs, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus multidens Fernholm & Hubbs, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus caribbeaus Fernholm, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus carlhubbsi McMillan & Wisner, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus indrambaryai Wongratana, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus laurahubbsae McMillan & Wisner, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
! Eptatretus laurahubbsi McMillan & Wisner, 1984
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus strahani McMillan & Wisner, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus mendozai Hensley, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus nanii Wisner & McMillan, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus fritzi Wisner & McMillan, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus mcconnaugheyi Wisner & McMillan, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus sinus Wisner & McMillan, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus eos Fernholm, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus chinensis Kuo & Mok, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal1
Paramyxine chinensis (Kuo & Mok, 1994)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus nelsoni (Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine nelsoni Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994
synonymseniororiginal1
Quadratus nelsoni (Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus sheni (Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine sheni Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus grouseri McMillan, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus mccoskeri McMillan, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus wisneri McMillan, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus menezesi Mincarone, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus ancon (Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001)
acceptedseniornew
Quadratus ancon Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001
synonymseniororiginal1
Paramyxine ancon (Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001)
synonymseniornew
Eptatretus wayuu Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Paramyxine wayuu (Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001)
synonymseniornew
! Eptatretus wayun Mok, Saavedra-Diaz & Acero P., 2001
synonymseniororiginal
Eptatretus fernholmi McMillan & Wisner, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus lakeside Mincarone & McCosker, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus moki (McMillan & Wisner, 2004)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine moki McMillan & Wisner, 2004
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus walkeri (McMillan & Wisner, 2004)
acceptedseniornew
Paramyxine walkeri McMillan & Wisner, 2004
synonymseniororiginal1
Eptatretus goliath Mincarone & Stewart, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus strickrotti Møller & Jones, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus lopheliae Fernholm & Quattrini, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus alastairi Mincarone & Fernholm, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus astrolabium Fernholm & Mincarone, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus gomoni Mincarone & Fernholm, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus rubicundus Kuo, Lee & Mok, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Eptatretus bobwisneri Fernholm, Norén, Kullander, Quattrini, Zintzen, Roberts, Mok & Kuo, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Paramyxine wisneri Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Eptatretus wisneri (Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Eptatretus luzonicus Fernholm, Norén, Kullander, Quattrini, Zintzen, Roberts, Mok & Kuo, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Paramyxine fernholmi Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Eptatretus fernholmi (Kuo, Huang & Mok, 1994)
ambiguoushomonymnew
php script by celloran, 04/03/10, last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12